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ap bio darwin essay 1) Individuals begin to ponder what we term as evolution during the classical era of the Greeks and a essay University, Romans. A Response To An Article State? Anaximander developed theories on the progression of scaly, fishlike forms to land forms. Writing University Of Toronto, New College? Empedocles believed createrurs literally fused together: for example if men fused their heads with cattle, then a new organism would form. Writing? Most of these combinations died but those that remained became new organisms. 2) One premise was that a population of organism, without any check, would grow exponentially. The reason that few population do in writing University New College, fact sustain exponential growth is explained be the second premise. This premise states that as resources dwindle, organisms compete with each other for critical thinking, those declining resources. Lastly, the third premise states that only a few survive. Thus, natural selection allows those few individuals with beneficial traits and characteristics to survive at a greater rate than organism without those traits. These organisms may eventually split off from a parent species and University of Toronto, New College, become their own species. 3) Carol von Linne believed that species were immutable, unchanging.

This concurred with the Biblical view that each type of organism resulted from divine creation. Lamarck’s theory came to be known as the inheritance of acquired characteristics. Lamarck believed that organisms emerged spontaneously from inanimate matter and writing a classification essay, then evolved. This evolution was stimulated by an organism’s need for a particular characteristic. Once that characteristic was acquired, it was developed through regular use and then passed on to offspring. Disuse of a body part or characteristic leads to a essay New College, its disappearance from the animal’s body. 4) Wallace, while resting during a night of fever in the Spice Islands, remembered an writing essay IUBH & Management essay written by Thomas Maltus. Maltus’s work stated that population grow geometrically but that the food supply grows much more slowly.

Darwin, who began as a physician, joined the HMS Beagle as an informal naturalist. He collected samples of birds and upon talking to an ornithologist, realized that each bird was a distinct species. He thought for a while that since the Galapogas were similar to the Cape Verde Islands, each should contain similar organisms. However, the a essay of Toronto, organisms of the Galapogos were similar to South American species while the ones in Cape Verde were similar to African species. Evolution had occurred.

5) Darwin delayed publication because he realized how radical his ideas would be. He wanted to gather more evidence before he published what may would view as challenge to the religious dogma of the day. 1) Bacteria are either eubacteria or archaebacteria. Writing? Eubacteria include cyanobacteria, some of the writing a essay earliest living organisms. Critical Thompson Rivers University? Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophs and carry out photosynthesis. They first occurred 3.5 billion years ago and contributed to the development of writing a essay New College free oxygen in the atmosphere (helping makes organisms like humans possible). Eubacteria include bacterial pathogens such as the plague, cholera, and chlamidya. Some eubacteria are also chemoauthotrophs, which derive their energy from the breakdown chemical bonds.

Important chemoautotrophs are nitrogen-fixing bacteria, which convert atmospheric nitrogen into type of essays of East Anglia (INTO) a form that can be used by plants. University Of Toronto,? Archaebacteria are older and thinking Thompson Rivers, evolved during a time when the earth was a much harsher place. As a result, they tend to live at the extremes. Thermophiles inhabit hot springs or the of Toronto, areas surrounding deep sea thermal vents. Halophiles inhabit highly salty areas, such as the Great Salt Lake. 2) Protists are a eclectic collection of taxa.

They include algae, which are mostly marine organisms. Kelp is writing University Anglia a type of brown algae and can form massive underwater groves. Green algae comprises phytoplankton, which forms the basis of most marine food chains. The Sarcodina include amoebas (which move by use of a psuedopod) and foraminifera (which secrete and reside in a calcium shell). Flagellates are protiststs that have a cellular tail and whip it to move along. The flagellate Trypanasoma is responsible for sleeping sickness and Giarda is writing University of Toronto, responsible for hiker’s diarrhea. Of Essays Anglia (INTO)? 3) Plants likely arose from a essay University New College, aquatic seaweeds, specifically green algae which might have been leafy in shape.

4) Perennial plants live for at articles in english Brookes Lake, least two years whereas annual plants complete their life cycle within one year. 5) Remaining upright (without the aid of a essay University of Toronto, New College buoyant water) is a problem as is the a poetry essay IUBH & Management potential for desiccation (dehydration due to intense heat and wind). -vascular cambrium: a ring of active cells just beneath the bark. This is where most of the growth in perennial plants occurs. -growth ring: an annual episode of growth marked by a ring of large and compact cells. It is preserved each year and serves as a useful record of writing a essay of Toronto, New College a tree’s age. To An Louisiana University? -sporophyte: a sporophyte is a plant that produces diploid (2n) spores and is diploid. New College? -gametophyte: a plant that is writing a poetry School & Management haploid (n) and produces gamates (sex cells) -lignin: a chemical compound found in wood that is a major component in the secondary cell walls of plant cells. Due to lignin’s strength, the plant can “stand” upright. -cuticle: a waxy layer that acts as an airtight sealant and helps reduce water loss from a essay University New College, interior tissue. -apical meristem: located at the tips of roots and in the buds of shoots and provides primary growth (elongation of plant into soil and up into type of essays writing University Anglia (INTO) the air) -lateral meristem: provides secondary growth (increase in girth). In woody plants secondary growth is responsible for the gradual thickening of the roots and New College, shoots formed from in english Brookes Lake, earlier plant tissue. -xylem: a water and mineral conducting tissue consisting of University New College tracheids an dvessel elements. Both are dead at functional maturity.

Tracheids are long, thin cells that overall and are tapered at the ends. Vessel elements are wider, shorter, thinner walled, and less tapered. Water can flow freely through elements whereas in tracheids water must pass through pits. -phloem: carry food from photosynthetic leaves to the rest of the plant by active transport. Phloem consists of sieve tube members that facilitate the flow of fluid from one cell to the next. These are alive at functional maturity and are attached to companion cells (which support the member, which does not contain nuclei, ribosomes, or vacuoles). -stomata: tiny pores passing though the cuticle which allow for gas exchange between the type Anglia plant and a essay University of Toronto, New College, environmet.

7) Alternation of generations refers to the process of diploid and haploid individuals alternating with each other. A plant will be diploid some of the writing a poetry of Business time and haploid the rest. Before meiosis, a cell holds a full complement of paired chromosomes (2n) and meiosis results in gametes with half the chromosomes (n). A sporophyte is a diploid plant while a gametophyte is a haploid plant. Gametophytes through mitosis. Gametophytes fuse to writing a essay University New College, form a zygote which will become a sporophyte.

Spores (produced by sporophytes) 8) Bryophytes (mosses) lack vascular and transport tissue and thrive in dark and damp places. They also lack lignin and thus cannot support themselves. This is why they are found low to studies University, the ground clustererd in New College, mats. Pteridophytes are ferns. Thinking Thompson? Ferns have underground stems (rhizome) and leaves that are aerial fronds that unfurl from coiled young leaves. New College? Spores are produced on the underside of the frond (sporophyte individual). The spores then produce a gametophyte individual, which produces egg and sperm. These egg and sperm, following fertilization, grow directly into of essays writing University of East the rhizome and University of Toronto, New College, fronds of the young fern. The seed plants include gymnosperms and angiosperms. They have seeds (protective cases for young embryos) and pollen ( a hardy form of sperm) that is School resistant to extreme temperatures and extremes of moisture. The seed consists of a seed coat, plant embryo, and a supply of nutrients.

Gymnosperms. 9) The cell walls of a essay of Toronto, New College fungi are made of type University of East (INTO) chitin (a nitrogen containing polysaccharide) instead of of Toronto, cellulose. They do not have photosynthesis and a classification, do not photosynthesize. 10) Hyphae are structures that produce a feeding mat referred to New College, as the mycelium. The hyphae continue aboveground to how to write Brookes, form the reproductive structure known as the a essay University of Toronto, fruiting body. 11) Mycorrhizae is the name of symbiotic combinations of critical Rivers University fungi and writing a essay University, roots. The root supplies sugars to the fungi while the fungi facilitates the transfer of minerals from the soil to the roots. 12) Animals likely arose from protists. Animals probably arose from a choanoflagellate that lived in colonies. These flagellates were equipped with flagella and thus were able to move on their own accord and were heterotrophs. They displayed some fundamental aspects of animals.

13) Parazoans are the simplest of all animals and are sponges. Writing To An University? Connected needlelike spicules provide support to a sessile body. They body surrounds an internal cavity lined by flagellated cells. Most parazoans are asymmetric whereas nearly all other animals display some sort of symmetry (such as the eumetozaoans). Platyhelminthes, rotifera, mollusca, annelida, nematode, arhtropoda, echinodermata, chordata are eumetazoans. 14) In protostomes, the first opening becomes the mouth while in deuterostomes the first opening becomes the anus. -porifera: sponges; pass through planktonic (unattached) stage of development; sessile; asymmetric; internal cavity lined by flagellated cells; have needle-like spicules for support. -cnidarians: have radial body symmetry and consist of writing of Toronto, jellyfish and hydra. They only have two cell layers and critical, also have stinging cells.

There is writing a essay no transport system because every cell is in contact with the environment. They have a gastrovascular cavity where extracellular digestion occurs. -platyhelminthes: compressed and ribbon like; some are free moving while others are parasitic and writing a classification essay Fairmont, reside inside a host; planarians glide on cilia that cover their ventral surfaces; tapeworms are segmented. -mollusca: have a hard shell into which they can withdraw. Some (clams) have a pair of closing shells while others (snails) have a single shell. Some are predators with sucker-lined tentacles. These include squids and octopuses. annelids: includes earthworms, which are representative of the writing a essay University of Toronto, New College basic segmented body plan characteristic of the phylum. As they feed, they pass the soil through their bodies, digest the argumentative essay School organic material, and leave the inorganic material behind as feces. Leeches are annelids as well. arthropoda: They are the largest group of animals, segmented, and are surrounded by writing a essay, an exoskeleton. The exoskeleton allows for movement because it is jointed and acts as a protective barrier.Trilobites occupied the Earth for nearly 300 million years then vanished. Arachnids (spiders, scorpions, etc) and crustaceans (crabs, lobsters, and shrimp) are also arthropods. The largest group of arthropods are the insects, most of writing a response to an State which are winged. echinodermata: includes starfish, sea urchins, sand dollars, brittle stars, sea cucumbers, and ancient crinoids. They move along using sweeps of their arms or synchronized motion of tube feet.

Their embryology is similar to that of the chordates (they have bilateral symmetry during embryonic development) chordates: comprised mainly of vertebrates (organisms with a back bone). A notochord runs down the long axis of vertebrates. The earliest vertebrates were jawless fishes such as ostracoderms. Fishes with jaws followed as did the cartilaginous fishes and writing a essay University of Toronto,, bony fishes. Writing Essay & Management? The bony fishes are the writing a essay of Toronto, New College largest single group of vertebrates. Amphibians were the first to employ limbs and were the first tetrapods.

Tetrapod means four footed but is understood to be a taxonomic term (snakes and whales are also tetrapods). 16) amnion = a thin membrane that encloses the articles in english Shawnigan embryo in watery amniotic fluid. cleiodic egg = a leathery shell (in reptiles and monotremes) or a brittle shell (in birds) that contains the amnion and the amniotic fluid. The egg also contains the writing New College chorion (which is used for respiration) and the yolk sac (food for the growing embryo). placenta = specialized tissues along the thinking studies Rivers University inside wall of the female uterus connected to the fetus by an umbilical cord. The placenta passes nutrients and oxygen from the mothers blood to a essay University New College, the fetus and fetal CO 2 to the mother for elimination. 17) A habitat is an organism’s ecological address (where it lives). Its niche is its ecological profession (the habitat is how to articles Brookes Lake where it lives while the niche is how it lives). Writing University? A fundamental niche describes the full range of available resources that can be used (predators, temperature, humidity, living space, etc). The realized niche is the amount of resources that the organism actually uses. 1) Nilsson-Ehle crossed true breeding red and white wheat plants, producing intermediate colored plants.

These F1 plants were then crossed with each other, resulting in seven discrete varieties. These seven forms occurred at the same ratio through multiple crossings. This demonstrated that Mendalian genetics can produce “smooth” variation. Furthermore, the presence of polygenic traits (traits controlled by multiple genes) can also account for “smooth” variation. Individual traits can be accounted for by discrete Mendalian genetics yet still produce “smooth” variation amongst a population. 2) A polygenic trait is one controlled by multiple genes whereas a monogenic trait is controlled by one gene. For example, height is a trait controlled by multiple genes whereas the color of flowers can be controlled by one gene. 3) A locus is a fixed position on a chromosome. A diploid organism has pairs of homologous. Each pair has corresponding loci. An organism may have one allele at each loci.

The alleles do not have to be the same. (For example, a heterozygous individual has allele A on one chromosome and writing University, allele a on the other at the same locus). 4) A population is a group of interbreeding organisms of the same species that exist together in both time and space. A gene pool consists of all the alleles found in a population. 5) Lowercase p represents the frequency of the dominant allele in a population. Lowercase q represents the frequency of the recessive allele in New College, the population. P-square represents the writing essay Fairmont Private proportion of individuals that are dominant homozygotes, q-square represents the proportion that are homozygote recessive, and 2pq represents the proportion that are heterozygotes. 6) A population is at equilibrium (according to the Hardy-Weinberg theory) if the allelic frequencies are not changing.

This means that the writing a essay of Toronto, New College values of p and q do not change from what they originally were. The values of p and State, q stay constant. 7) For a population to be at equilibrium it must be very large (more resistant to writing University of Toronto,, large changes in allelic frequency), random mating of individuals (there is no selection for certain alleles), there is essay School no immigration/emigration (no loss or gain of alleles), natural selection is not occurring (frequencies are not increasing or decreasing), mutation is not occurring at a high rate (new alleles not being introduced). Certain population may be small, rarely is University mating random (mates seek the best members of the opposite sex), rarely does immigration not occur in an ecological sense (influx of exotic species, climatic events cause individuals to writing essay Fairmont Private, move, etc) and natural selection often is occurring (though it may not be drastic). 8) w 2 = 0.16 so w = 0.4 so W = 0.6. so 2pq = 0.48 (proportion of heterozygote individuals) 9) Heterozygote advantage refers to a situation in which natural selection maintains genetic variation by favoring heterozygote individuals. For example, in sub-Saharan Africa, children heterozygous for University, the sickle cell allele sometimes display the negative effects associated with sickle cell disease but are at a better advantage overall because the abnormal blood cells are harder for the malaria parasite to of essays writing, penetrate.

Those who are homozygous for the allele suffer too much from sickle cell disease for writing University, it to be an overall benefit while those who do not have the allele are at a considerable disadvantage. Therefore, natural selection favors the heterozygotes in this case. 10) Microevolution refers to the change of allelic frequencies within a population (such as the presence of write articles in english Brookes Lake peppered moths or the presence of heterozygote carriers of the sickle cell allele). Microevolution can occur relatively quickly, in writing University, just a few generations. Macroevolution refers to the large scale changes that lead to the origin of writing Louisiana University higher taxa (orders, families, phyla). These new taxa come about as the result of the accumulation of writing a essay New College many small changes.

Thus, microevolution [can lead to] leads to macroevolution. 11) The evolution of the English moth is a form of Shawnigan directional selection. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, the population of the moths was centered around a “mean” of writing a essay University of Toronto, white color but the School “mean” shifted and was now centered at black (the allelic frequencies drastically changed). 12) Genetic drift is change in the gene pool due to chance. Writing Of Toronto, New College? If a new allele is introduced into a large population, the new allele will take a very long time (many generations) to spread into a large proportion of individuals because there is type University of East Anglia a large gene pool that it must alter. In a small population, the gene pool is small (if an writing University allele cannonballs into in english Shawnigan the pool, a larger proportion of individuals feel the impact). A Essay University? 13) Both forms of change in the gene pool are random. However, the two are different.

Bottlenecks occur when a population is under pressure and argumentative essay The Windsor, its size is reduced. Therefore, changes in allele frequency are more drastic and affect the reduced population more. The founder effect occurs when a population is not under pressure but derives from a few individuals and therefore there is little genetic variability in ensuing generations. 14) For gene flow to occur, there must be an exchange of University fertile individuals or gametes. This is would occur more easily between two populations that overlap in critical studies Rivers, time and space. It is University of Toronto, New College harder for individuals to migrate to an isolated island or for gametes to be carries to an isolated island. 15) The Hardy-Weinberg principle allows us to calculate what would happen if natural selection were not occurring and then compare what does happen in the real world. The Hardy-Weinberg equation can be used to calculate allelic frequencies and thus examine the thinking studies Rivers University genetic basis for evolution because speciation begins when the allelic frequencies of two populations begin to diverge.

1) Chromosomes are paired and each individual receives one from the writing a essay University father and one from the writing a response to an article Louisiana State University mother (within the pair). During meiosis, segments of the homologous chromosomes at the same loci (location along the chromosomes) “swap”. Even though the genes at the exchanged sites may be similar, different alleles may be present on a essay University of Toronto, New College, each chromosome resulting in more genetic variation. In diploid organisms, sex results in an enormous variety of writing Fairmont Private potential offspring. Because there are millions of sperm that have undergone meiosis and New College, millions of ova that have undergone meiosis (and thus variation has increased), the resulting embryo is unique. Even bacteria exchange circular pieces of DNA known as plasmids, thus increasing the genetic variation among a population that reproduces through binary fission.

2) DeVries, a Dutch botanist, who worked with evening primroses passed by a field and saw of essay The Windsor School form of writing University of Toronto, New College primrose that was new to him. After experimenting with primroses and other organisms, DeVries observed that new varieties seemed to occur spontaneously through mutation (he referred to these varieties as mutants). DeVries expounded the thinking theory that new species arose suddenly due to a essay New College, large mutations. Through research, it has been proven that mutations are the ultimate source of variation. 3) A point mutation is one or a few alterations in the base-coding sequence of the argumentative essay The Windsor gene’s DNA, thus producing a new allele of the gene. Point mutations consist of a essay insertions, deletions, or substitutions.

Even small changes in the nucleotide bases can change the amino acid being coded for and thus the type writing of East Anglia entire shape of a protein. In sickle cell anemia, one of the writing of Toronto, New College amino acids (there are 574) comprising hemoglobin results in the formation of an abnormal hemoglobin molecule. -During meiosis, unequal crossing over occurs, resulting in a chromosome with repeated segments coding for critical studies, the same genetic material. The chromosome with the duplicated segments can accumulate mutations in one of the genes and still have a functional segment of DNA left. The segment of DNA coding for hemoglobin has enough material to code for six units but only four are present in a essay University of Toronto, New College, an individual at any given time. The other two can be called upon when physiological conditions change. This phenomenon arose from gene duplication millions of essay Fairmont Schools years ago. -Within chromosomes, sections can be flipped around within their chromosomes (inversion). Pieces of chromosomes can get transplanted to other chromosomes (translocation). At times, inversions can be beneficial. Among fruit flies, certain inversions become common in colder climates and decrease in warmer climates and confer advantages to a essay of Toronto,, flies living in colder areas.

Polyploid can also occur. Type Of Essays University Of East? Polyploidy is the presence of multiple sets (more than two) of chromosomes (4n, 8n, etc) . Polyploidy solves the “problem” of crossing over for chromosomes with gene duplications and is a major factor in plant evolution. A polyploid plant’s “haploid” 2n gametes can fertilize with other 2n gametes and form a 4n plant (a tetraploid). 4) Homeotic genes (Hox genes) are master genes that control other genes responsible for the formation of body parts. Major changes between animal phyla are correlated with duplications in writing of Toronto, New College, Hox genes or in an increase in the number of Hox genes (changing the way and order in which body parts form or adding new segments altogether). Hox genes are tuned on and off repeatedly during embryonic development, responding to the changing chemical and anatomical conditions within the embryo. A Poetry IUBH & Management? They can also control individual genes that are downstream.

5) Mutations introduce necessary variation. Usually, they have negative effects because they disrupt a fine tuned system that has evolved over writing a essay of Toronto, New College, millions of argumentative The Windsor School years. A Essay University New College? However, for write articles Shawnigan, large scale change to occur, major genes must often change as well. Evolution depends upon mutation. A Essay University New College? Sex is important from an evolutionary standpoint because it introduces variation as well. Through meiosis, each sperm or egg cell is different. Sex allos for write Brookes Lake, these to a essay University of Toronto, New College, combine and produce an individual whose genetic blueprint is unique and who may harbor genes that could prove useful in the future (in terms of a population). Explain the difference between abiotic and studies University, biotic factors. 1)Abiotic: Physical non living factors like Climatic conditions and habitat harshness. Biotic: Factors due to competition between and predation among living organisms.

2)Define biological fitness. What role does fitness play in selection? Fitness is relative reproductive success of individuals, within a population,in leaving offspring in the next generation (contributing to the gene pool). Offspring of fitter species are selected for survival.Fitness is the relative ability to writing a essay of Toronto, New College, survive and reproduce. 3) Compare and a poetry IUBH School, contrast natural and artificial selection. Give examples of each. Weeding out of organisms by biological processes without deliberate or directed human intervention. Weeding out of organisms by humans for a essay, humans. Example Brown snails are rare in critical Thompson Rivers University, Meadows but are common in Beech woodlands.

Green snails are rare in University of Toronto, New College, Beech woodlands and common in green meadows. Example Dairy farmer breeds cows which give high volume milk and hold back on those with low production. White water snakes on thinking Thompson Rivers University, the islands of Lake Erie. The banded snakes are easily lost to predation. Writing University Of Toronto,? Oil content in corn was artificially divided by selecting only high oil content yielding corn and other successively lower in kernel oil. 4. Describe the various patterns, or types, of natural selection. Give examples for each.

Directional Selection: When one genotype (and the how to articles in english Shawnigan resulting phenotype) replaces another. For example, in industrial England, the allele for white colored moths declined and the allele for a essay, black colored moths increased as white colored moths were selected againts (because the trees became black with soot). The black moth genotype/phenotype replaced the. Disruptive selection: Disruptive selection increases the extreme genotypes/phenotypes in a resulting population. For example, in an area of light colored and very dark soil, organisms which are at the extremes of the population will be selected for whereas organisms in the middle (gray organisms, for example) will be selected against. Louisiana? Sexual Selection: Males with more prominent characteristics are more attractive to females. Writing Of Toronto,? Since more attractive males contribute most to the gene pool, less attractive males (males with small horns for type writing University Anglia (INTO), example) are selected against. A Essay University? Male peacocks with the most brilliant displays are more likely to contribute to type of essays writing Anglia (INTO), the gene pool. 5)Define sexual selection and describe how it relates to sexual dimorphism.

Members of one sex mostly males have greater physical powers or flashy ornamentation enjoy better success in attracting a mate and thereby benefit from reproductive success. This form of selection is called sexual selection. Secondary sexual characteristics exhibited by either males or females ,like male lions have mane and adult male sea lions are larger in a essay University of Toronto, New College, size. Males and females differ morphologically and exhibit different secondary sexual characteristics a condition referred to as sexual dimorphism. 6. What are the advantages and disadvantages, from an evolutionary standpoint, of sex? Advantages:Larger,stronger males with elaborate features fare better breed more often and pass on writing Louisiana, their secondary sexual characteristics.Secondary sexual characteristics are health certificates which ensure that the best characteristics are passed on to the next generation. Sex allows for more shuffling of allele combinations, which means there is a better chance that beneficial allele combinations can arise.

The spread of a mutation within a population is also slower because a mutated allele is often paired with a healthy allele (in offspring) that may negate the effect of the mutated allele. Sex allows for much more genetic variability, which means that natural selection has a more diverse gene pool to writing of Toronto,, work with. Writing A Poetry Essay IUBH Of Business? Disdvantage:secondary sexual characteristics sometimes may make the writing a essay New College next generation of IUBH of Business species more. Prominently visible and hence vulnerable to predators (for example, the male peacock's display attracts predators as well as mates). Sex also involves considerable expendature of energy and time, whereas asexual organisms can easily reproduce by budding or mitosis. Sexual reproduction also takes more time (the process of meisosis itself is longer than mitosis).

A sexually reproducing population often canot reproduce as quickly as an asexually reproducing population. Chapter 6 Questions for Kardong. 1. What areas of science provide evidence for the occurrence of evolution? Fossil science paleontology ,comparative anatomy,comparative embryology and vestigial and writing University of Toronto, New College, Atatvistic structures. 2. Writing Essay Of Business & Management? For the above fields, describe what that evidence is, and how it supports the idea of evolution through natural selection. 3. Fossil science paleontology: Fossils clearly indicate that species were not created separately but ,simple bacteria evolved first and a essay of Toronto, New College, then eukaryotes then multicelluar organisms. - comparative anatomy: Different species exhibit basic underlying similarities. -comparative embryology: mammal embryos have gill slits, illustrating that mammals can be traced back to amphibians and other marine organisms which evolved through natural selection to meet the needs of living on land. -vestigial structures: humans have a coccyx bone, a remanant of a tail. This provides a link to reptiles and other organisms that had tails (showing our common descent) -atavistic structures: the reappearance of ancestral traits allows us to peer into our ancestry and provides clues as to which organisms we are related to. Critical? 4. Define the following and writing a essay, give examples: a. Homologous structures: Same features that can be traced back to a common ancestor. b. Example: Birds wings and mole’s arms can be traced back to common ancestor(reptiles). c. Writing Fairmont Schools? Analogous structures: Structures which perform same function but cannot be taced back to a common ancestor. d. Example wings of Bats and bees are used to fly but cannot be traced back to a common ancestor. e. Homoplastic structures: Structures look alike but may not be homologous or analogous. Writing University New College? f. Example: Wings of insects which look like leaves. g. Vestigial structures: Rudimentary structures which remain form the past. h. Example: Hip and hindlimb bones of whales (the appendinx in to an Louisiana University, humans). i. Atavistic structures: Are throwbacks, return of structures typical of ancestors.

Example: Additional toes in modern horses. j. Founder effect: Phenomenon in which rare traits are common in new and isolated locations. k. Example: Polydactyly is common among the Amish because the writing original families who immigrate to type writing of East Anglia (INTO), the US had unusually high rates of polydactyly (and the writing a essay University of Toronto, associated allele) l. Biogenetic law: Early events of embryonic development retain clues to evolutionary events. m. Example: Gill slits in embryonic development of to an article Louisiana University mammals reinforce evolutionary connection to earlier organisms (such as amphibians) n. Preservationism: Embryos maintain earlier evolutionary non functional organ Example:Gills in mammals birds and reptiles. o. Biogeographic realms: Land is divided into 6 biogeographic realms. p. Example: Australian realm with 20 mamalian and 7 endemic families. q. Center of origin: Region where a species is localized is called as center of origin. r. University Of Toronto, New College? Example:Black birds have center of origin in Nearctic and argumentative essay The Windsor, Neotropic realms. s. Neodarwinian evolution: Advances in evidence and biological changes 150 years after Darwin,with clear understanding of genes,DNA and natural selection. This is the modern theory of evolution. t. New College? Phylogenetic trees: Branching systems of hypothesized relations and sequences in writing essay Fairmont, evolution.

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Mood Disorders Essays and Research Papers. Mood Disorders You never know why a person does the things they or even what has cause them to be the writing, person that they are. For . example, you might never have known that famous people like Drew Carey, Jim Carrey, Sheryl Crow, even Pablo Picasso have depressive disorders . By reading, you will get an insight, if any, on writing a response to an State University, mood disorders , along with how I found a relation in my personal life. As well as something relating to what I like to do in my free time. Mood disorders are fairly attention-grabbing;. Bipolar disorder , Creativity , Dysthymia 1189 Words | 3 Pages. Mood Disorders Mood disorders are quite interesting; especially if you're realizing that you have . many of the symptoms.

With mood disorders one experiences long periods of University New College depression or elation, that causes ones everyday activities to be disrupted. The main mood disorders are major depression, and bipolar disorder . A Classification Fairmont Schools! Another type of mood disorder is called seasonal affective disorder . This is caused by the lack of sunlight that people with the disorder receive in usually the winter months. Apparently. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1132 Words | 3 Pages. The Effect of Social Support or Dislocation on writing University New College, Mental Health. immigrant population with a statistically high alcohol and drug death rate and arrests for drug use (Alexander, 2000). Social adversity and stress that . challenge this large immigrant population are thought to be key factors in developing mental health disorders . Critical Thinking Studies Thompson Rivers! This theme of stress as an precursor to a essay University New College, mental health and addiction is collaborated by a poetry essay School of Business, Klanecky et al. (2009) who found individuals exposed to early childhood adversity and social disruption are more likely to experience addiction later in life. Buckinghamshire , Drug addiction , Emotion 1503 Words | 5 Pages. manner I see fit. I want to be able to have relationships with family members and others, and keep in shape. mood disorders . . Please review the a essay, following list: · Do you feel anxious without any obvious reason? · Does your anxiety immobilize or terrify you?27 · Do you have extreme mood swings that go from writing a classification Fairmont Private being high to overly sad and hopeless?28 · Do you have an extended depressed mood that interferes with your daily activities?29 · Do you severely restrict your intake of calories? Do you purge.

Anxiety , Chronic fatigue syndrome , Depression 1726 Words | 6 Pages. MOOD DISORDERS A 32-year old female Janice Butterfield, who came in at the insistence of her husband Jed Butterfield for a . consultation concerning her suicidal attempt due to dysthymia. American Heritage Dictionary defines that dysthymia is writing, a chronic disturbance of mood lasting at The Windsor least two years in a essay University, adults or one year in children, characterized by recurrent periods of mild depression and School, such symptoms. Although the symptoms of a essay University of Toronto, dysthymia may be less intense than those of thinking studies University depression, dysthymia. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1377 Words | 4 Pages. Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), or otherwise known as Major Depression, is a serious mood /mental disorder that . drastically affects one’s life resulting in loss of interest, changes in diet, increase in a essay University of Toronto, New College, irritability, and drop in mood . Major Depressive Disorder affects about 6.7% of the population of the United States over the age of 18. Although, MDD is common mostly in adults, it also affects teens and children. The main symptom of depression is of essays writing University of East (INTO), a described as a sad or gloomy mood that doesn’t seem. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Hypomania 1466 Words | 4 Pages. Systemic Family and writing a essay University of Toronto,, Couple Therapy for Lake Mood Disorders.

Systemic family and couple therapy for mood disorders Behaviourally-inspired couple therapy approaches have been used for some . time and have proved to be effective with patients suffering from writing a essay of Toronto, depression. A Classification Schools! A number of RCTs of marital therapy as a treatment for depression have been conducted (e.g. O'Leary Beach, 1990; Jacobson et al, 1991; Emanuels-Zuurveen Emmelkamp, 1996; Baucom et al, 1998). Interpersonal systems therapy (Gottlieb Colby, 1987) and conjoint interpersonal therapy (Klerman et. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Family therapy 736 Words | 3 Pages. 11Focused Study Guide for Mood Disorders 1. List the signs symptoms of anxiety describe the nurse’s role in a essay University, managing anxiety . in clients. Panic Disorder -Episodes typically last 15 to 30 min Four or more of the following symptoms are present: * Palpitations * Shortness of breath * Choking or smothering sensation * Chest pain * Nausea * Feelings of depersonalization * Fear of dying or insanity * Chills or hot flashes | Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) excessiveWorry 6 months. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Insomnia 1415 Words | 6 Pages.

Mood Disorder, an Umbrella Term to a Host of Disorders. ?CU261P Mood disorder : this is writing essay School of Business & Management, a group of diagnosis in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders . (DSM IV TR) which classifies mental health, this particular one is when a person’s mood is University of Toronto, New College, seen to a poetry IUBH School of Business & Management, be the underlying cause of mental health issues. This umbrellas a host of writing a essay of Toronto, disorders , such as; Bipolar Disease (BD), Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), and also less severe depressions such as dysthymic or cyclothymic. Some mood disorders can be substance induced, (due to critical studies Rivers, someone’s drug use). Abnormal psychology , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1228 Words | 4 Pages. such as mood disorders . When changes in mood and behavior affect a person so greatly, they can have a . University Of Toronto, New College! mood disorder . Essay The Windsor School! Common types of mental illnesses include major depression and bi-polar disorder . Writing New College! Mood disorders , also known as affective disorders , can be defined as a disturbance of articles in english Brookes Lake mood that is not caused by writing a essay University, a organic abnormality. This disorder also includes the appearance of an excessive maniac or depressive state that is writing essay of Business, not interfered by any of the other physical or mental disorders . Whatever. Abnormal psychology , Bipolar disorder , Depression 754 Words | 2 Pages.

name is Melanie Stokes. She was a pregnant mother whom was awaiting the University of Toronto, New College, arrival of a new baby girl named Sommer Sky. Melanie delivered her baby girl on how to articles Shawnigan Lake, . February 23, 2001. Melanie mother Carol begins to notice a change in her daughter’s behavior and writing of Toronto, New College, mood shortly after given birth. In the beginning her mother just thought that her action were due to a response article State, a lack of exhaustion. And once she received some rest she would return and function normally.

However this process never happened and it only became worst. Antidepressant , Childbirth , Mania 831 Words | 3 Pages. ?Chapter 7 Review Mood disorders I. DEPRESSION AND MANIA ARE THE KEY EMOTIONS IN MOOD DISORDERS : . A. A Essay Of Toronto,! Depression—a low, sad state in which life seems dark and its challenges overwhelming B. Mania—a state of writing a response to an Louisiana State breathless euphoria or frenzied energy C. Most people with a mood disorder experience only depression 1. This pattern is called unipolar depression 2. There is writing a essay University of Toronto,, no history of mania 3. Mood returns to essay School, normal when depression lifts D. Others experience periods of a essay University of Toronto, New College mania that alternate with. Bipolar disorder , Bipolar spectrum , Dysthymia 3300 Words | 12 Pages. North Carolina Women’s Hospital Mood Changes After Delivering a Baby What moods changes could I have after delivering my . baby? During pregnancy and after the birth of essay The Windsor your baby you may have many different mood changes and feelings. Being pregnant, going through labor and caring for a baby is all hard work. You may feel happy and excited one minute and feel worried and sad the next minute. These “highs” and “lows” are very common. They are called the “baby blues” and writing, usually go away on their . Anxiety , Bipolar disorder , Childbirth 676 Words | 4 Pages. Bipolar Mood Disorder Real?

Outline THESIS: Bipolar Mood Disorder , or manic . How To Write In English! depression, is a serious mental disorder that causes a person to have dramatic changes in his/her mood , ability to function, and a essay University of Toronto, New College, energy level. It can cause damaged relationships, risky behaviors, and even suicidal tendencies in one’s life if left untreated. The illness consists of two emotional stages; mania and depression. I. How To Write In English Shawnigan Lake! A A. History B. Mania C. Depression D. Types of Bipolar Disorder II. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Hypomania 1065 Words | 4 Pages. How weather effect your mood ? Weather can have more than a little impact on your mood . Researchers in Germany branched out . beyond just sunny and cloudy and looked at temperature, wind, sunlight, rain and snow, air pressure, and how long the days were. The study was led by Jaap Denissen of writing University Humboldt University in Berlin. The study had 1,233 participants, all living in Germany at the time. Most of the participants were women, the average age was 28, with ages spanning from 13 to 68 years old.

Study. Circadian rhythm , Mood disorder , Rain 1110 Words | 3 Pages. ------------------------------------------------- As many as 19 million Americans million are affected by mood disorders ( The . Type Of Essays Writing University Of East! two main types of mood disorders are bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder which are described as disturbances in mood , behavior and emotion.“ Bipolar disorder is a complex disorder in a essay, which the thinking studies Rivers University, core feature is writing a essay of Toronto, New College, pathological disturbance in mood ranging from extreme elation, or mania, to critical Thompson Rivers University, severe depression usually accompanied by disturbances in New College, thinking and argumentative essay The Windsor, behavior. Bipolar disorder , Creativity , Dysthymia 3778 Words | 12 Pages. Mood Disorders Mood disorders are a disturbance in the emotional state, which affects thinking, . physical symptoms, social relationships and behavior. Writing! If you have a mood disorder , you might feel very happy or very sad for long periods of a response to an State time for no apparent reason. There are different types of mood disorders including: mania, depression, bipolar, drug induced mood disorders , and a essay University New College, medically induced mood disorders . When a mood factor pushes a person to one extreme or the other that mood disorders. Bipolar disorder , Depression , Dysthymia 741 Words | 3 Pages. ?Bipolar Disorder , also known as a manic depressive illness, is classified as a brain disorder ; that causes unusual shifts in the . mood , energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry-out day to day tasks.

The majority of bipolar individuals experience alternating episodes of mania such as an elevated or euphoric mood or irritable state (US Department of Health 1) (Thackey 127). Writing A Response To An Louisiana State University! Bipolar Disorder falls under the category of a essay University of Toronto, New College a mood disorder , 3% of the School, general population suffers from bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder , Depression , Dysthymia 1353 Words | 4 Pages. Unfortunately, mood disorders are far too common especially during adolescent years. Everything from sadness to severe . depression, anxiety, bipolar, and writing a essay of Toronto, New College, panic attacks are just a few mood disorders that adolescents are effected with far too often. The Windsor School! The social and academic pressures that adolescents undergo in a essay New College, schools such as popularity, maintaining good grades, making important decisions, puberty, parent/adolescent relationships, staying thin can all be unbearable. All of this causing these adolescents. Bipolar disorder , Depression , Dysthymia 578 Words | 2 Pages. Mood disorders such as major depression, dysthymia, bipolar disorder , and cyclothymia are common and very treatable . Critical Thinking Thompson Rivers University! forms of psychiatric problems.

Depression is one of the most common conditions encountered in medical practice and affects up to a essay University of Toronto, New College, 25 percent of women and 12 percent of men. Untreated depression can persist for argumentative School two years or longer. Of Toronto, New College! Sixty percent of of essays writing patients who receive treatment and recover will experience a recurrence of depression within three years. Fortunately, most episodes of major. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 649 Words | 2 Pages. Term “Depression” is often used to describe general sadness or unhappiness. This loose use of the term confuses a normal mood swing with a . clinical syndrome Depressive disorders can bring sever and long-lasting psychological pain that may intensify as time goes by. Major depressive episodes – exist in both Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar disorders Extremely sad mood or anhedonia (loss of interest or pleasure in writing, life’s activities) Symptoms last for 2 weeks Cognitive symptoms (loss of. Bipolar disorder , Bipolar spectrum , Dysthymia 2139 Words | 10 Pages.

experienced their emotions fluctuate throughout the day. This mood change can be very disruptive and difficult on oneself. Argumentative Essay School! So imagine if for . the writing New College, rest of your life your emotions were like a roller coaster of ups and downs. Writing Private Schools! A few years ago at a family gathering I found out University of Toronto, that my cousin was diagnosed with bipolar disorder . At first this came as quite a shock. How To Write In English Brookes Shawnigan! Mainly because I was not very knowledgeable on writing a essay, just exactly what was bipolar disorder . Rivers University! However I also knew that in at lest my opinion my cousin. Bipolar disorder , Bipolar spectrum , Hypomania 1305 Words | 6 Pages. Psychiatric Disorders General Information The Postpartum Period During the a essay University, postpartum period, about critical studies University 85% of women experience some type of . Writing University Of Toronto,! mood disturbance. For most the symptoms are mild and short-lived; however, 10 to 15% of Brookes Lake women develop more significant symptoms of depression or anxiety.

Postpartum psychiatric illness is typically divided into three categories: (1) postpartum blues (2) postpartum depression and (3) postpartum psychosis. It may be useful to conceptualize these disorders as existing. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 1868 Words | 6 Pages. Bipolar Disorder Heather McLean HCA/240 Maryam Pirnazar 4/14/2013 Introduction Bipolar . New College! disorder is a brain disorder it can cause shifts in moods , activity level, energy, and also the ability to due day-to-day tasks. It is also commonly known as manic- depressive illness. This disorder is one of the oldest illnesses that is known. It is one of the first noticed that goes as far back and argumentative, the second century.

The first person that recognized the some of the symptoms. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Hypomania 2074 Words | 6 Pages. ANXIATY DISORDER 1. What is anxiety disorder ; explain it (3 points) Anxiety is a mood state characterized by . strong negative emotion and bodily symptoms of tension in which the child anxiously expects possible future danger or misfortune. University! This definition takes two key characteristics of anxiety—strong negative emotion and an element of fear. Children who experience excessive and debilitating anxieties are said to have anxiety disorders . 2. What are specific phobias in children, explain. Abnormal psychology , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 1866 Words | 6 Pages. Thesis: Depression is an illness that affects the daily lives of writing School of Business millions each day, to some people it’s just a word, but to others it’s a life ruiner. . Organizational Pattern: topical Introduction: I. What is Depression? A. Depression is a mood disorder that makes you feel sad or hopeless for a period of time. Depression can have a significant impact on the enjoyment of your life, your work, your health and to a essay University of Toronto,, the people who care about you. Essay IUBH Of Business! Depression affects people differently.

Some people. Bipolar disorder , Depression , Dysthymia 857 Words | 3 Pages. Dr Jens Pruessner of the Douglas Mental Health University Institute in Quebec, who helped carry out the study, said: ‘Previous findings have shown that the . risk for anxiety disorders is 21 per of Toronto, New College, cent higher for people from the city, who also have a 39 per cent increase for mood disorders . ‘In addition, the incidence of schizophrenia is studies Thompson Rivers University, almost doubled for individuals born and brought up in a essay University of Toronto, New College, cities. These values are a cause for concern.’ Dr Pruessner and colleagues from the Univerity of Heidleberg. Brain , Brain tumor , Human brain 735 Words | 3 Pages. ?Ngoc (Lily) Le Abnormal Psychology Case Study #3 – Mood Disorders 29 May 2014 1. The different mood . disorders that we explored together as a class are as following: depressive disorders and bipolar disorders . (I didn’t factor suicide into type writing of East (INTO) this.) Going into a essay University New College further detail, depressive disorders are the clarified grouping of individuals who have been identified to have unipolar depression. Fairmont Private Schools! Having unipolar depression is when that same individual is in writing University of Toronto, New College, a mental state of depression without having shown. Bipolar disorder , Brain , Dysthymia 1963 Words | 5 Pages.

Mike Tyson; It's Not What You Think. “dysthymic disorder ” (chronic depression) and issues related to his personality by Dr. Richard Goldberg, MD, prior to the independent medical . evaluation. It’s difficult to assess when this disorder began, before the evaluation took place, Tyson’s boxing license was suspended for biting Evander Holyfield’s ear during a boxing match. Dysthymic disorder is a type of chronic depression when a person’s moods are regularly low. The symptoms are not as severe as with other major depression disorders . Type Of Essays Writing University Of East! The. Boxing , Dysthymia , Evander Holyfield 1268 Words | 4 Pages. Depression: Major Depressive Disorder and Major Life Changes. research paper discusses major depression and University of Toronto, New College, dysthymia but mentions the various other forms of depressions.

Major depression has many names that it can be . referenced by: unipolar disorder , major depressive disorder and clinical depression. It all means the same thing; this type of Anglia (INTO) depression is when the person’s disorder interferes with their everyday life. This makes it difficult for a person to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy activities that they once liked. Major depression last longer than. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1998 Words | 5 Pages.

mental health disorders can lead to school failure, family conflicts, drug abuse, violence, and even suicide. Of Toronto,! Mental health problems . and mental illness for children and essay The Windsor School, adolescents refer to the range of all diagnosable emotional, behavioral, and mental disorders . University Of Toronto, New College! They include. But are not limited to: depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder , anxiety, conduct, and eating disorders . Serious emotional disturbances for children and adolescents refer to the above disorders when they. Abnormal psychology , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 777 Words | 3 Pages. Bipolar Disorder and Depression Paper Kenda.

Depression Paper Unipolar depression and bipolar disorder are two common mood disorders . . The emotions that make these two disorders classify as mood disorders are depression and mania. Depression is a mood that makes a person feel sad and critical Thompson, low and makes life seem overwhelming and challenging. Mania, however, is the opposite. Mania is a state of emotion where a person feels an abnormally elevated mood . Both can last for a long amount of time, even after recovery, and damage. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Hypomania 1010 Words | 3 Pages. ? Understanding postpartum psychosis: Andrea Yates story Abstract Postpartum depression is a serious mood . disorder experienced by women after giving birth. An extreme case of PPD is writing a essay University New College, postpartum psychosis. This complex disorder can shatter mothers mind, body, spirit and write Lake, end their dreams of what they expected motherhood to be.

The mother began to become detached from reality. A Essay University Of Toronto,! She began to hear voices telling her to do harm to protect her children. Health professionals estimate that. Andrea Yates , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 2025 Words | 5 Pages. Research Base Intervention on Mood Disorder Tamika. With the variety of different disorders , the individual would develop through the course of their lifetime. The . disorders have a specific symptom, different methods for intervention, and different options that are available to treat the disorder to help the a classification essay Fairmont, individual through it.

Psychopathology is writing University of Toronto,, developed throughout the years of research to argumentative, incorporate the information and knowledge of the work for different disorders , how disorders cause the individual to behave, and writing a essay University New College, what symptoms. Bipolar disorder , Hypomania , Lamotrigine 1375 Words | 6 Pages. Cause, Diagnosis, and a classification Private Schools, Treatment of University of Toronto, Mood Disorders. decided to choose mood disorders as their appears to essay, be a genetic pre-disposition in my family history to a essay of Toronto, New College, it. There have also . Writing Of East Anglia! been members of my wife’s family who have exhibited mood disorders . I therefore chose this class to attempt a comprehensive review of the writing a essay University New College, use and impact of psychopharmacological agents as part of the treatment regimen for their symptoms. Causes of Mood Disorders According to (NIMH) the IUBH School, National Institute of Mental Health (2009), the a essay New College, causes of mood disorders at this time are.

Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 4398 Words | 14 Pages. Abnormal Psychology - Mood Disorders. ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY: MOOD DISORDERS A mood disorder is the critical studies, term given for a essay University New College a group of thinking studies University diagnoses in . the DSM IV TR classification system where a disturbance in University of Toronto, New College, the person's emotional mood is hypothesised to be the main underlying feature. The classification is known as mood (affective) disorders in ICD 10. Writing University Anglia! English psychiatrist Henry Maudsley proposed an overarching category of writing New College affective disorder . The term was then replaced by mood disorder , as the latter term refers to the underlying or longitudinal. Bipolar disorder , Cognitive behavioral therapy , Dysthymia 4486 Words | 16 Pages.

Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) (Fundukian amp; Wilson, 2008). Write Brookes! The long version of the BDI consists of a essay University of Toronto, New College 21 questions or . items with four possible responses. Each response contains a score from zero to three indicates the severity of the studies Rivers University, symptom the University of Toronto,, patient experienced in the previous two weeks. The version used by primary care providers (BDI-PC) consists of seven self-reported items. Fundukian and Wilson (2008) state, “Individual questions of the University, BDI assess mood , pessimism, sense of writing a essay failure. Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder , Martin Seligman 2063 Words | 6 Pages. Abnormal Psychology Chapter Mood Disorders. Chapter 7-- Mood Disorders and type University Anglia, Suicide Key 1. Writing University! Prior to essay The Windsor School, the DSM-IIIR, conditions that are currently characterized as . mood disorders were referred to a essay New College, by several different names, including all of the following EXCEPT: A. B. Type Of Essays Writing Of East Anglia! C. A Essay University New College! D. 2. Critical Rivers University! depressive disorders affective disorders psychotic episodes depressive neuroses One of the symptoms of a mood disorder is writing, called anhedonia, which means: A. a feeling of worthlessness B. an altered pattern of sleep C. indecisiveness D. an critical thinking studies inability to a essay University of Toronto, New College, experience pleasure . Bipolar disorder , Bipolar spectrum , Dysthymia 5762 Words | 28 Pages.

Major Depressive Disorder and Societies Youth Lisa Somerville Argosy University- Nashville Campus December 13, 2007 Abstract In . an attempt to better understand depression in today’s youth, I have chosen to explore the depths of argumentative School Major Depressive Disorder and how it affects the young people in our society. Depression amongst school age children and adolescents are the primary focus. The prevalence, adversities, and treatment of the a essay of Toronto,, depression are discussed as well. After exploring these. Adolescence , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 1755 Words | 6 Pages. Effects of type of essays writing of East Anglia Exercise on Anxiety and Depression. changes in mood and reductions in anxiety and depression.

According to the Mental Health Victoria, depression is characterised by prolonged . feelings of sadness, dejection and hopelessness and will affect one in writing University of Toronto, New College, four women and one in six men at some point in their lives. Writing IUBH School! In the United States, anxiety disorders and a essay of Toronto,, depression are the most common mental health disorders costing the public $45 billion a year (Berger, Pargman Weinberg, 2002, pp. Type Writing University Anglia! 398). Although people typically deal with these mood disturbances. Antidepressant , Anxiety , Cognitive behavioral therapy 967 Words | 3 Pages. Individual Anxiety, Mood/Affective, Dissociative and Somatoform Disorders. Individual Anxiety, Mood /Affective, Dissociative And Somatoform Disorders My Name PSY/410 Date Instructor Individual . Anxiety, Mood /Affective, Dissociative Throughout this paper an explanation of terms used to writing a essay University of Toronto, New College, describe mental states will be presented. Some of the writing to an Louisiana State University, mental states are real/physical, and some are only in the minds of the individual. To understand the a essay University New College, disorders an explanation will be provided. For example, to understand what is an anxiety disorder an understanding of anxieties. Abnormal psychology , Bipolar disorder , Classification of mental disorders 898 Words | 3 Pages.

Anxiety, Mood/Affective, Dissociative/Somatoform Disorders. Anxiety, Mood /Affective, Dissociative/Somatoform Personality disorders stem from writing Fairmont mental health issues and derive from abnormal . Of Toronto, New College! psychology, commonly referred to as, psychopathology. Feelings, thoughts and behaviors expressed by writing a classification Fairmont Schools, those suffering from a personality disorder are usually exaggerated feelings, thoughts and behaviors expressed by writing University, all human beings (Millon amp; Davis, 1996). The problem arises when these thoughts, feelings and articles Shawnigan Lake, behaviors become severe maladaptive patterns that transcend. Abnormal psychology , Anxiety , Behaviorism 1456 Words | 5 Pages. 297. Writing A Essay Of Toronto,! 1 Delusional Disorder Diagnostic Features The essential feature of Delusional Disorder is the presence of one or more non . bizarre delusions that persist for at type University of East Anglia (INTO) least 1 month (Criterion A). A diagnosis of Delusional Disorder is not given if the individual has ever had a symptom presentation that met Criterion A for Schizophrenia Criterion B). Auditory or visual hallucinations, if present, are not prominent. Tactile or olfactory hallucinations may be present (and prominent) if they are related.

Abnormal psychology , Delusion , Delusional disorder 2670 Words | 8 Pages. ? Adolescent Bipolar Disorder : Recognition and writing a essay of Toronto,, plan of of essays writing Anglia (INTO) treatment for families Upper Iowa University August 3rd, 2014 Abstract . Bipolar disorder (BD) is a serious mental illness in which a person’s mood will alternate between mania and writing a essay University New College, depression; and where what would be considered common emotions will become powerfully as well as unpredictably exaggerated. Writing To An Louisiana! Bipolar disorder is also referred to as manic-depressive illness. While bipolar disorder is a essay University, less common than depression at least. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Hypomania 2202 Words | 10 Pages. Bipolar Disorder and Depression I. Introduction. All types of depression are clinical diseases with several different symptoms, causes, and effects that could result in life threatening situations.

II. . Types of essay The Windsor depression A. Writing University! Dysthymic disorder B. Major depressive disorder C. Bipolar disorder (manic depression) III. Symptoms of depression A. Essay! Depressed mood B. Lack of writing a essay University of Toronto, interest C. Writing & Management! Feeling worthless D. Thoughts of death IV. Causes of depression A. Genetics B. Biochemical V. Effects of depression A. Writing University Of Toronto, New College! Treated A.1. IUBH Of Business! Medicine A.2. Therapy . Bipolar disorder , Depression , Dysthymia 1160 Words | 4 Pages. dejected, or discouraged, in psychology, mood or emotional state marked by feelings of writing a essay University low self-worth or guilt and critical Thompson, reduced the University of Toronto, New College, ability to . enjoy life.

In ordinary usage it refers to a mood state which is called dysthemia, as contrasted with the normal state of euthymia and the opposite state of elation. A Classification Essay Fairmont! In psychiatric usage, disorders of mood are called affective disorders ; depression can be such a disease in itself or a symptom of another mental disorder . On the other hand, depression is not a sign. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1606 Words | 6 Pages. PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER ANALYSIS Psychological Disorder Analysis Amy Verhagen Axia College of University of Phoenix The . diagnosis given to Maria is Dysthymic Disorder . Maria has been having trouble sleeping at night, feeling ‘jumpy’, and not able to concentrate. I suspect this has been going on for a while and possibly co-occurs with other psychological symptoms. Further questioning Maria about her past and present symptom onset will help in confirming this diagnosis to help treat her appropriately. Anxiety , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 1797 Words | 5 Pages. Americans are experiencing depression and writing, 90 percent of suicidal reports are commonly caused by depression. The brain has a certain chemicals that work to writing to an Louisiana, . keep your moods balanced. When your brain is not generating enough of these chemicals, there’s a tendency for a essay University of Toronto, you to thinking Thompson University, become depressed. University New College! Depression is School, commonly referred to as mood disorder . Everyone occasionally feel sad or blue, but these feelings are usually short-lived and pass within a couple of days.

When you have a depression, you just don’t feel. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1415 Words | 4 Pages. Then there is bipolar disorder , which used to be known as manic depression, is writing a essay University of Toronto, New College, a mood . disorder . Bipolar is a mood disorder that can interrupt your daily life. People with bipolar are known to have major mood swings, happy one minute completely mad the next, or sad. These mood swings can be mild or outrageous, the come on slowly and take hours or the can come as quickly in a matter of minutes. Along with the mood swings people may also have breaks in a response to an article State University, there thinking. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1135 Words | 4 Pages.

D. Writing A Essay University Of Toronto, New College! Forecast 6. Writing A Response Louisiana! The Base 7. The Middle 8. The Top II. Body A. Depression is a medical condition that causes and affect a . person’s ability, 1. Writing A Essay! According to the website www.nimh.nih.gov, depression is a mood disorder that makes you feel unhappy, non motivated, or hopeless for a period of time. Depression can have a significant impact on the enjoyment of writing essay Fairmont Private Schools your life, your work, your health and the people who care about writing University of Toronto, you. Not everyone experiences depression. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 819 Words | 4 Pages. Mental Disorder ; Depression A research paper presented to thinking studies Thompson Rivers University, Mr. Joeffrey Yee St. Francis College Guihulngan In partial fulfillment of the writing of Toronto,, . subject requirement in English IV Prepared by: June Brangel Baterna IV- St. Brookes Lake! Bonaventure of Bagnoregio SY: 20012-2013 Acknowledgement To express my gratitude, first I will thank God for everything.

To our beloved English teacher, Mr. Joeffrey Yee, for teaching us how to New College, do this research paper. Writing A Classification Essay Schools! To my classmates, friends, and my family who. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1601 Words | 7 Pages. Is Cyclothymia a Disorder ? People who have Cyclothymic disorder usually do not realize they may have a treatable . disorder because they feel that their mood swings are associated to life’s imbalance. A Essay Of Toronto,! Many things in life can trigger mood swings making it difficult to determine if there is a mood disorder . However, an individual that has unpredictable mood swings may have Cyclothymia and should be concerned. Individuals who have this disorder go through life on an emotional rollercoaster and. Bipolar disorder , Cyclothymia , Dysthymia 1565 Words | 4 Pages.

Psychological Disorder Analysis Psychological Disorder Analysis This psychological analysis is of essays writing University, about Maria a 42 year old . A Essay Of Toronto,! Hispanic female who comes into the mental health clinic complaining of feeling jumpy all of the time, she has trouble sleeping and is enable to write in english Shawnigan, concentrate on her work as an accountant. These symptoms are causing problems for her at work. A Essay University! There can be many causes for her symptoms but to get to the root of her issue a clinical assessment, diagnoses, and proper treatment for. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 1415 Words | 4 Pages. women was 39-51”(as cited in Speroff, 2000,p. 376-377). The transition into peri-menopause subjects a woman to fluctuations in reproductive hormones and argumentative The Windsor, is . characterized by but not limited to irregular menstrual cycles, insomnia, hot flashes, and mood swings. “According to Sichel and Driscoll (1999), this time of life may last as long as seven to ten years, or longer although some women may also have shorter peri-menopausal transitions”(as cited in McGonagle, 2005, p.9). Symptoms Symptoms for. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Estrogen 2447 Words | 6 Pages. lifetime, but more often a person may have multiple episodes.

Dysthymic Disorder is characterized by at least 2 years of depressed . Of Toronto,! mood for more days than not, accompanied by additional depressive symptoms that do not meet criteria for a Major Depressive Episode (American Psychiatric Association APA, 2000). Dysthymic disorder is type of essays of East Anglia, a serious case of ongoing, chronic depression. University Of Toronto,! Claimed by thinking studies Thompson, NIMH (2012) Unlike dsythymic disorder , minor depression is characterized by having symptoms for a essay University of Toronto, New College two weeks. Bipolar disorder , Cognitive behavioral therapy , Major depressive disorder 1445 Words | 5 Pages. catatonia 2. Emotional Symptoms: - High levels of euphoria with highly elevated moods states also a decrease in tolerance may be seen . with irritability when one fails to get their own way. Essay! Behavioural Symptoms: - High Energy levels, increased social activity, quick rate of speech reckless and writing of Toronto,, dangerous behaviour. 3. Many biological explanations have been put forward in writing to an Louisiana University, an attempt to explain the cause of mood disorders these mainly consist of a essay University New College Unipolar and Bipolar Depression the biological explanation.

Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia 542 Words | 2 Pages. psychoanalytic explanation for mood disorders (depression and bipolar disorder) of self hatred develop from the depressive's thoughts about unresolved conflicts which have often been repressed to the unconscious. Psychoanalytic . explanations find it especially difficult to explain the cyclical nature of bipolar disorder , and how to articles in english Brookes Shawnigan Lake, mood disorders such as SAD and post natal depression; they only seem to have an University explanation for Brookes Shawnigan Lake depression. Melanie Klein, a post Freudian, claims that whether an individual loses his or her self esteem depends on writing a essay of Toronto, New College, the quality of the writing a classification, individual's relationship. Bipolar disorder , Dysthymia , Major depressive disorder 620 Words | 2 Pages. Bipolar disorder or manic depression causes serious shifts in mood , energy, thinking, and behavior—from the highs of mania on one . extreme, to the lows of depression on the other. More than just a fleeting good or bad mood , the cycles of bipolar disorder last for days, weeks, or months. And unlike ordinary mood swings, the mood changes of bipolar disorder are so intense that they interfere with your ability to function. SYMPTOMS Bipolar Symptoms Bipolar disorder varies among. Antidepressant , Bipolar disorder , Bipolar spectrum 1559 Words | 5 Pages.

mental disorder that some people have. Bipolar affects your daily life in school, relationships, and work places. There is no cure yet, but . there is treatment. Writing A Essay University New College! Many tend to ignore their or not recognize the symptoms. The disorder can get so severe it can have a great ability on how you function. Bipolar also has the type writing University of East Anglia, symptoms and treatment so people can live a normal life. Bipolar is found in children, teens and adults.

Bipolar is writing a essay, a disorder in writing a poetry IUBH School & Management, the brain that causes mood shifts. The disorder can be. Bipolar disorder , Bipolar spectrum , Dysthymia 1260 Words | 4 Pages. Chori Lea Bipolar Disorder Bipolar disorder , also known as manic depression, is a common, recurrent, and debilitating . New College! mood disorder which causes extreme shifts in writing to an University, energy and mood . Writing A Essay University Of Toronto,! The word bipolar indicates the writing essay of Business, two main polar extremes which a person with the disorder experiences. According to NIMH the National Institutes of Health (NIH) that oversees neurological and psychological research, this disorder affects about 2.3 million adults in the United States and about 1.2 percent of writing a essay University of Toronto, the.

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abstract terms essay Panic ( noun) 1. sudden uncontrollable fear or anxiety, often causing wildly unthinking behavior. “A wave of panic washed over writing New College, him as he realized he didn’t have a topic for his definition essay.” If this definition applies to you right now, and you’re panicking because you have a paper due tomorrow (okay, so you’ve procrastinated just a little bit on this paper), take a deep breath. This post lists 20 definition essay topics to help you get started. The definition essay is argumentative essay School, deceptively simple. All you need to writing a essay University New College do is define a term or concept. But a definition essay is more than a simple dictionary definition. A definition essay extends the definition by providing examples to help readers understand the type University (INTO), term or concept being defined. Let me say that again: a definition essay uses an extended example . Writing A Essay Of Toronto, New College? A definition essay is thinking studies, typically based on a single word or concept, so don’t chose an object like a dog or a potato.

You don’t need an entire essay to writing University define these types of argumentative The Windsor objects. You can define them in a few sentences. Instead, choose an abstract term that leaves room for interpretation. For example, if you define happiness, readers can argue your definition because everyone defines happiness differently. Happiness to you might be a day sunbathing at writing, the beach. Happiness to your roommate might be a day fishing on the river.

One last tip about choosing the right topic: choose a term or concept that you’re familiar with. A Classification Essay Private Schools? Don’t choose a word like quixotism from of Toronto, New College, a word list just because it sounds cool and just might relate to Don Quixote. If all you have is articles Shawnigan, a dictionary (or Wikipedia) definition to University New College go on, you’ll struggle to write a definition essay about the term. Type Anglia (INTO)? Now that you’re armed with a better understanding of a definition essay, you can move on a essay University of Toronto, New College, to deciding on your definition essay topics. 20 Definition Essay Topics That Go Beyond the Obvious. Here is a list of 20 definition essays topics to help you write the write articles in english, perfect paper. Writing A Essay University Of Toronto,? Some of the type of essays Anglia, items are linked to example essays to give you even more inspiration. Of Toronto,? Think about being a senior with only months left before graduation.

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Does success mean that he needs to make $100,000 or more? Do you think money has nothing to do with success? What if someone has failed many times? Can he or she still be successful? Can failure actually be a success story in disguise? As you try to define laziness, keep in mind that this definition can vary greatly from writing University of Toronto, New College, one generation to the next. Do your grandparents have a completely different view of what it means to be lazy?

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While this definition certainly may be true for many, chances are others (like singles and childless couples) have a completely different definition of the American Dream. Writing A Essay University Of Toronto, New College? How does an writing a poetry of Business & Management American immigrant define the American Dream compared to a natural born citizen? Anyone who has been in a relationship has a definition of cheating. A Essay New College? Ever catch your significant other flirting with some old flame on Facebook? Is that cheating? (Most likely, the writing a response to an Louisiana, person doing the flirting will say “no.”) Cheating doesn’t have to writing a essay New College only refer to relationships.

You might define cheating as it relates to academics. Does having your roommate “help” you write your paper mean you’re cheating? Billy Rowlinson (flickr.com) The definition of marriage changes by writing a response article State generation and by culture. Today, the term marriage doesn’t necessarily mean only writing University of Toronto, New College one man and one woman. Some might define marriage as inclusive of essay same-sex couples, and still others might define marriage as allowing for polygamist relationships. How do you define marriage? Does a family have to be a mother, father, and child? Can a childless couple be a family? What role does extended family play in people’s lives? In some cases, non-relatives, such as friends, stepparents, and mentors are considered family. If a blood line isn’t necessarily the only criteria for a essay New College being family, what characteristics or actions define a person as family?

Remember that guy who cut in front of you at the convenience store? Or how about that lady who bumped into a poetry School & Management you and didn’t even say “excuse me”? It’s pretty easy to think of examples of rude behavior in our society, so decide what you feel is rude and get to work defining it! What makes a house a home? To some, home is always the place where you grew up. To others, home is where they’re living at the time. Writing? But what makes a home so special? People usually feel calm, relaxed, and happy at home. Why is your own home more than just a place to live?

11. A good wife/girlfriend or husband/boyfriend. The definition of these terms are as varied as individuals. Ever meet your friend’s new significant other and wonder, “What does she see in him?” or “Why in argumentative the world would he want to date her?” Your friend might feel he’s the perfect boyfriend because he always texts to see how she’s doing. You might think he’s too nosey or even too controlling. Defining a good partner means you’ll have to decide what qualities a person must have in writing University of Toronto, New College order to The Windsor be right for you. This is writing a essay University, one of those grey-area terms (at least to in english Shawnigan Lake many people).

Does honesty mean telling the writing a essay University of Toronto, New College, truth no matter what? If you hate your friend’s new haircut, do you tell her? If your friend’s girlfriend is a response to an article Louisiana University, cheating on him, do you say something? If you have knowledge of something and lie by omission, can you still be considered honest? Do you respect your parents, your teachers, your significant other, and/or your friends? If you said “yes,” how can you prove it? What does it mean to show respect to someone? What type of actions demonstrate respect, and what makes someone deserving of respect? Fashion is writing a essay, another one of those terms that varies with time. Remember that outfit you wore a few years ago for your school picture? I bet you wouldn’t be caught dead in writing Private that outfit today, right?

Ever look at a picture of your mom or dad when they were teens and wonder who could ever think those haircuts were in style? Of course, all of those things were fashionable at the time. Consider why fashion changes, who decides fashions, how fashion influences us, and how fashion makes us feel about a essay of Toronto,, ourselves. Did you grow up sharing a room with your brother or sister and wish you had even a little bit of privacy? Have you yelled at thinking studies University, someone for snooping through your phone or your computer? If so, these might be good places to start your discussion on privacy. If you’re thinking of privacy on writing a essay of Toronto, New College, a larger scale, your discussion could include internet privacy or whether or not the how to in english Brookes Lake, government is trying to invade our privacy through monitoring of writing a essay University New College phone calls and emails. Is beauty only skin deep?

Sure outward appearance is the a classification Private, easy choice to describe someone’s beauty, but what about inner beauty? What does it mean to possess inner beauty? Of course beauty doesn’t always apply to people. Beauty can apply to a essay University of Toronto, New College nature or even an inanimate object (like a car, a guitar, or even a new pair of writing a poetry School of Business & Management shoes). We’ve all heard those stories on TV about a guy who rescued someone. The neighborhood calls him a hero, but he declines the writing a essay New College, title, saying he just did what any other person would do. Military veterans are generally considered heroes, also, yet many feel they’re undeserving of the a poetry School of Business & Management, honor, too. What characteristics do these type of people have in common?

Bravery, honor, and selflessness are good places to start. A Essay University? Which characteristics are inherently male or inherently female? Can you define someone as masculine or feminine simply based on a classification Fairmont Private, appearances? Does a haircut or personal style make someone masculine or feminine? Can masculinity or femininity be partially determined by University voice and body language. Maybe you need to look beyond appearances and examine a person’s actions and character. Or, perhaps, you can’t define masculinity or femininity without examining all of these attributes. Poverty is a relative term. A Response Article Louisiana State University? If someone is uber rich, the middle class seems poor. To the of Toronto, New College, middle class, minimum-wage workers are likely poor.

But what does it mean to live in poverty? Sure the government sets poverty thresholds, but is poverty simply measured by income? Insomnia Cured Here (Flickr.com) Bert Lahr as the Cowardly Lion, “The Wizard of Oz”, 1939. In The Wizard of Oz , the Cowardly Lion asks the Wizard for of essays of East Anglia courage. Why does he feel courage is so important? What does it mean to be courageous? Society often says that soldiers, those suffering illness, and those facing adversity are courageous. Think about what characteristics these people possess and how they demonstrate courage. Turning a Definition into a Definition Essay.

As you know, just because you have a definition essay topic and a few examples doesn’t mean you have an essay. So where do you start? Sometimes it’s easiest to start at the beginning and write the introduction first. Your introduction should grab readers’ attention, so you might pick one of these example hooks to a essay of Toronto, New College begin your paper. Writing A Poetry Of Business & Management? A clever, funny, or interesting story or example from a essay of Toronto,, your own experience is writing a poetry essay & Management, a tried and true strategy to a essay University get your readers interested. Essay Private? Have lots of ideas for your introduction but are still stumped on where to go from there? Try outlining. Read How to Write a 5-Paragraph Essay Outline for writing University of Toronto, more help. Kibin editors are, by writing Fairmont definition, amazing people who have savvy editing skills and will provide insightful tips and comments about your writing. Why not have an editor review your final paper?

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