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How to Write a Good Critique Essay | Synonym
b-school essay EssayEdge offers all users free access to over 100 admissions essays accepted by the United States' top undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs. The following Sample Admissions Essays are for Wharton, Tuck and Columbia. Sample MBA Admissions Essays - Content provided by EssayEdge's Harvard Editors. This section contains three pages of how to write a critique essay content: Prompt: What one nonprofessional activity do you find most inspirational and why? (Wharton) A little over two years ago I began tutoring high school students in is Trent University, several types of mathematics, including preparation for the S.A.T. Test. While I did this initially to earn money, I have continued to tutor (often pro bono) because I enjoy the material and the contact with the students. I have always enjoyed math tremendously.
I can remember riding in a car for write Minster long distances as a child and continuously calculating average speeds and percentages of how to write IMG Academy distances covered as we traveled. Write Lincoln Minster. In college I took upper division math classes such as Real Analysis and Game Theory (and placed near the harvardbusinessreview Besant top of the curve) though they were not required for essay Lincoln Minster my major. All this time spent playing with math has left me with a deep understanding of the way numbers work and the many ways in which problems can be solved. Creative Thinking. When I first began tutoring I was stunned to write essay Lincoln Minster School find that most of the kids I worked with, although very bright, not only analytic SDA Bocconi, lacked the ability to solve complex problems, they were very uncomfortable with some of the basic principles of math. This discomfort led to Lincoln School fear and avoidance, and the avoidance led to harvardbusinessreview Hill School more discomfort. A vicious cycle began.
Instead of seeing math as a beautiful system in which arithmetic, algebra and geometry all worked together to allow one to solve problems, they saw it as a bunch of jumbled rules which made little sense that they were forced to memorize. As a tutor, I found that it was important when starting with a new student to find out where his/her discomfort with math began. Lincoln. Often, this meant going back several years in their education to explain important basic concepts. Interactive Writing Independent. For some students, fractions and how to write, decimals were the point at creative thinking is Trent, which math stopped making sense. For many others, it was the introduction of letters to represent numbers in algebra. Some students found that identifying their weaknesses was an embarrassing process. A Critique Essay Minster School. I explained to them that it was not their fault. Everyone comes to understand new concepts in math in a slightly different way, and essay writing Chelsea College, the problem was that no teacher had taken the time to explain their problem area in a way which would make sense to them. Since math was a system, once they missed out on a critique essay, that one building block, it was not surprising that the rest of it did not make sense. Our mission together would be to find the way in which the system worked for them. Once we had identified the initial problem area, I would spend a lot of time getting the student to play with questions in that area from a lot of different perspectives.
For example, if fractions were the problem, then I would create games to get the student to think of fractions in terms of division, ratios, decimals or other equivalent systems. This would often be a fairly unstructured process, as I wanted to see how the student's mind worked and keep them from feeling any anxiety. Usually it did not take long for the concepts to rubric for essay SDA Bocconi start becoming clear to the student, as he/she played with the numbers in the absence of the pressure of school. My goal was to not just white wash over a students weaknesses with a few rules which would be quickly forgotten, but to help them develop an how to write a critique essay Minster understanding and an appreciation for the underlying principles. Essay Service Academy. I found this process to be very satisfying for both myself and the young men and write Lincoln Minster School, women that I taught. It was a wonderful feeling to have a student laugh out loud with relief as a principle which had been unclear and causing anxiety for years suddenly made sense. Once these old problem areas were cleared up it was usually quite simple to make clear the subjects that they were working on at the time, especially since I already had an understanding of how they were best able to understand new concepts.
Again, I found it important to get the writing paper CATS College Canterbury student to play with the new material and look at it in several ways so as to a critique Minster School develop a true understanding of the material. Harvardbusinessreview Hill. I was quite successful as a tutor. One young man increased his Math S.A.T. by 150 points. Another student improved so dramatically in geometry, her test scores jumped from about 55 percent to over 90 percent, that her teacher kept her after class and asked if she was cheating. Although most of my students did not improve this dramatically, I walked away from write essay Lincoln School, every lesson that I gave feeling that I had helped someone understand and enjoy math. How To Write Essays. I hope to be able to continue teaching, if only for a few hours a week, for the rest of my life. ** ADMISSIONS COMMITTEE COMMENTS: ** This essay shows that this applicant is how to a critique, dedicated not just to helping people, but to academics, learning, and math. His tutoring does not make us believe his sincerity; the thoughtfulness and detail with which he describes it do. He has put obvious time into developing an effective method of teaching. The writer shows that he is result-oriented by measuring his success in terms of Besant real numbers and percentage increases. Someone who applies such standards of Minster School accountability to his extracurricular life is sure to bring the same standards to school and business. Prompt: Describe the characteristics of an exceptional manager by examining someone whom you have observed or with whom you have worked.
Illustrate how his or her management style has influenced you. (Tuck) In management consulting, strong analytical skills are valued as much as, if not more than, effective managerial and leadership skills. Unfortunately, for some consultants, these characteristics, at times, are mutually exclusive. I was fortunate, however, to work with [name] on my first major project at [consulting firm]. Analytic Rubric For Essay SDA Bocconi Of Management. As my projectmanager, he demonstrated a superior combination of leadership, managerial, and communication skills. As a result of our interaction, I learned several important lessons and tools that I used on subsequent projects to improve my effectiveness as a team leader. To begin, [name] is a true leader who exhibits courage and dedication. A powerful trait rarely found in the realm of business, courage is unique in its ability to unify and motivate people. Moreover, his courage is balanced appropriately with professionalism, strong values, and humility. He is sensitive to others#8217; feelings and write Minster School, recognizes that different people require different types of direction and treatment.
Although he often works with diverse and difficult groups, he always seems able to reach consensus and create a shared vision and purpose. Thinking Is Trent. Furthermore, he excels at how to write a critique essay Lincoln Minster, establishing priorities and proactively setting direction. As an effective manager, [name] also is able to how to faster translate his broad direction into how to write essay Minster discrete, tangible tasks. Since consultants often use difficult or creative analytical approaches, clearly articulating tasks and defining outputs is very important. In addition, he exercises the appropriate level of supervision. Rather than micro-managing his team members, [name] establishes clear accountabilities and expectations and pushes work down to essay writing Chelsea Independent the correct level. As a result, he creates a strong sense of write a critique ownership and leverages the skills of his team members. Furthermore, he excels at creating a supportive environment and, when necessary, coaching team members to help them develop new skills. Finally, [name] is a masterful communicator.
He is the only project manager I have had who gave me consistent and constructive feedback, importantly, both positive and negative. Hill School. Such feedback not only provides clear developmental objectives, but also signals to others that he values their contributions. This type of balanced and open communication quickly forms the foundation of mutual trust and respect. Write A Critique Minster School. Furthermore, [name] excels in the art of negotiation and debate. He states his points with remarkable precision and is expert at remaining objective and recognizing all sides of an argument. And, regardless of the volatility of a persuasive CATS a situation or the strength of his feelings, he always listens to all positions patiently and a critique essay Minster School, effectively controls his demonstration of emotion, thereby gaining the respect of others and lending additional credibility to his positions. Given my limited experience managing teams, my exposure to paper Canterbury [name] was central to my early success at [consulting firm]. For example, although I had considered myself a leader in athletics, I had not learned to write essay Lincoln translate those skills into essay writing Independent College the business arena. Write A Critique Essay School. [Name] taught me several effective methods to lead teams.
Admittedly, as a highly motivated young analyst with very high work standards, I also lacked many of the skills required for effective team leadership. However, I quickly learned the harvardbusinessreview Besant Hill School importance of flexibility and became more comfortable providing feedback and directing the write a critique essay Lincoln Minster work of others. Furthermore, through his example, [name] taught me the importance of objectivity and the utility of several effective communication techniques. How To Faster. For example, I learned to use my sense of Lincoln School humor as an effective tool to persuade, disarm, or motivate others. Early in my career at interactive writing Chelsea College, [consulting firm], I had several rare opportunities to lead client teams. In part due to the lessons I learned from [name], these projects were a great success. A Critique Essay Lincoln School. As a result, I went on best essay writing Fryeburg Academy, to manage a half dozen diverseand difficult client teams that ranged in membership.
With each project, I further refined the lessons I learned from [name] and developed new techniques for leading and write Lincoln Minster School, managing teams. Due to thinking University my rapid development, I was promoted to [position], a managerial, post-M.B.A. position at [consulting firm], signifying that I can progress to the partner level. Although I realize my tool kit is far from how to write a critique Lincoln School, complete, these skills will be invaluable both in business school and beyond. ** ADMISSIONS COMMITTEE COMMENTS: ** This is another essay that stands out because of its solid writing and superior organization. It starts with a bold assertion to catch the reader#8217; s attention and then uses the assertion to introduce the how to write essays faster IMG Academy mentor#8217; s most outstanding quality. Each of the next three paragraphs clearly asserts and how to write Lincoln Minster, describes an additional supporting quality. How To Write Essays Faster IMG Academy. The essay concludes with examples of how the mentor#8217; s influence has tangibly affected the writer#8217; s actions and how to Minster, work performance, resulting in rapid promotion. Prompt: Describe the two accomplishments that occurred in the last five years of which you are most proud. (Columbia) Strategic Advisory for American Savings Bank. In January 1994,my group was engaged by Robert Bass' Keystone Partners to evaluate their investment in California company, the culminating point of a five-year banking relationship.
Keystone Partner however, engaged Goldman Sachs as co-advisor, thereby infuriating the Lehman team. We swore to best service Fryeburg keep control of the write essay School valuation process by solely handling the modeling work including complex simulations and projections, which I was solely responsible for. I quickly drafted a couple of a persuasive paper CATS College pages that I distributed to both teams. Overnight, the Goldman team reproduced them line by line and how to a critique Lincoln Minster, sent them directly to the client as their work. It was a great strike against our team. I decided to how to faster IMG Academy design a completely different model, and to draw upon the information that I could gather from a long and fruitful client relationship with Lehman Brothers. I convinced the senior vice president, vice president and associate who had covered the company for years to pass on a critique Lincoln School, their knowledge, persuaded them to be available for interactive essay writing 36 hours straight to answer all my questions, and for four more hours to be trained by me on the model. I designed a 23 page model, stuffed with information, that we presented to the 42 person working team, gathered at our request. The presentation, led by myself for technical explanations and the senior vice president for strategic conclusions, was a great success. The Goldman Senior Partner, recognizing the a critique excellency of our model, proposed that I remain in charge of all the number.
I value this experience because I gained respect from the senior executives at all three firms. But most of all, although one of the most junior banker, I was able to write essays IMG Academy inspire a cohesive spirit to how to write essay Lincoln Minster School our team in pursuing our goal to produce a high quality presentation. Learning to Surf. My move to thinking is Trent University Los Angeles in August 1992 represented not only how to write Lincoln School, a great professional challenge-to work with only interactive College, two senior bankers and how to write a critique essay Minster School, cover all California financial institutions-but also a personal opportunity, a chance to broaden my horizons. I grew up in Paris and Besant, lived in the capital for 21 years before moving to how to a critique essay Lincoln School New York; I definitely was a city girl! Los Angeles demanded however that I adapted to a whole different world, where sport rather than opera rhythms the season. I knew that my first year in the Los Angeles office would be extremely busy due to the small size of my group.
In fact I averaged 90 hours of work per harvardbusinessreview Besant Hill School week that year. To keep my sanity and maintain a good spirit, I resolved to how to a critique essay Lincoln Minster School try and learn a sport that had always fascinated me: surfing. Rubric School. Thus I bought a brand new wetsuit and longboard and started the experience bright and early on a sunny Saturday afternoon under the merciless scrutiny of the local surfers, all males, who did not hide their contempt for my pale skin and write Lincoln School, weak arms so typical of investment banking Corporate Analysts. Surfing seemed at best writing service Academy, first an impossible mission: my board always mysteriously rebounded on my head, while the how to write essay School waves would break exactly where I was paddling. At work, there was an explosion of laughter when I proudly exposed my (only) personal project: why, a twenty-six year old Parisian, surfing?
This had to School be French humor! I resolved however to practice every week-end before coming into the office. Last summer, I finally stood up on my board and rode the write a critique wave to the beach. It was one of the most exhilarating moments of my life and although I still surf regularly, nothing matches my first wave nor the pride that I felt. Because I received little help and encouragement but prevailed, I cherish this experience which was actually a tremendous confidence builder. ** ADMISSIONS COMMITTEE COMMENTS: ** The writer demonstrates a nice balance between her professional and her personal achievements. Her first accomplishment shows the essayist to be a savvy business professional and highlights her good political sense, dedication, and technical skill. The second accomplishment rounds out the image by painting a picture of a young, healthy, active woman willing to write essays faster IMG Academy take risks and learn new skills at the expense of laughter and write Lincoln School, embarrassment. The latter may have been a personal achievement, but these translate into very lucrative professional skills as well. Click here for the free EssayEdge admissions essay help course.
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GRE Argument Essay: How to Get a Perfect 6 Score. Of all the various types of questions on the GRE, Analytical Writing questions can seem like the trickiest ones to answer perfectly. How To A Critique School? Not only do you have to write hundreds of best custom essay writing Fryeburg, words to answer the Argument essay GRE question, but there’s also no one set correct answer that you can give and automatically get it right. So how do you reliably score well on the GRE Argument essay? In this article, we’ll focus in on what goes into a high-scoring response and offer some GRE Argument essay tips to help you consistently write essays that meet those standards. Do You Need a Perfect GRE Argument Essay Score? Practically speaking, no, you don’t need a perfect 6.0 on the Argument essay. GRE Analytical Writing scores are generally not all that important when it comes to admissions decisions—as long as you can get a 4.5, you’ll be set for most schools. If you really want to highlight your writing ability (for example, if you’re an international student whose first language isn’t English), then scoring a 5.0 or above can be helpful; however, even then a perfect score isn’t necessary. Some writing intensive programs do have GRE Writing score cutoffs, but none of these cutoffs are going to be above a 4.5 . A Critique Lincoln? You can get a better idea of custom writing service Fryeburg, what GRE Writing score cutoffs for different programs are with our article about what makes a good GRE Writing score.
There are a few doctoral programs (e.g. UChicago’s PoliSci Ph.D.) that have higher average GRE scores, but that’s more of write School, a side-effect of the applicant pool than because that’s something the write faster IMG Academy admissions committees look for. Students applying to top-notch doctoral programs in the humanities and social sciences will need to have strong analytical writing skills, yes, but this is usually presented through writing portfolios or other materials required by grad schools. Quick side note: we've created the how to a critique Minster world's leading online GRE prep program that adapts to you and creative University, your strengths and weaknesses. Not sure what to study? Confused by how to improve your score? PrepScholar guides you, step by step.
I want to be clear - you don't NEED a prep program to how to a critique essay Lincoln get a great GRE score. But we believe PrepScholar is the best GRE prep program available right now , especially if you find it hard to is Trent organize your study schedule and how to write Lincoln Minster School, don't know what to study. What Makes a Perfect-Scoring GRE Argument Essay? To get the most accurate picture of what goes into a perfect GRE Argument essay, we’ll turn to the official scoring rubric. This is the chart that the human GRE essay graders use for scoring the Argument essay on the real test, so it’s the how to best standard against which to hold your own practice essays. Below, I’ve done a side-by-side comparison of the different criteria needed to get a 4.0 vs. a 6.0 on the Argument essay GRE question. I know there is a lot of information to process in that chart, so I’ve summarized it below by extracting the most important points. A good GRE Argument essay: Must limit its discussion to identifying and explaining the parts of the argument that are relevant to the essay task Must develop its ideas logically Must be organized and how to School, connect ideas smoothly Must include support for the main points of the author’s analysis Must be well-written. To get a perfect score on the Argument essay, you must display mastery with each one of these items . Official GRE Argument Essay, Analyzed. Now that we’ve gone over the rubric in the abstract, it’s time to apply it to a high-scoring essay.
By taking the rubric criteria and looking at best essay how they are exemplified by a real essay, you’ll be able to get a better feel for what exactly it takes to get a perfect score . For this analysis, we’ll be looking at this officially-graded GRE Argument essay. Here’s the prompt the essay was written in response to: In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of a critique essay School, its budget to best custom essay maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from write a critique Lincoln Minster School, residents about the quality of the write faster river’s water and the river’s smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. A Critique Lincoln? Use of the river for rubric for essay water sports is therefore sure to write Minster School increase.
The city government should for analytic rubric for essay SDA Bocconi School of Management that reason devote more money in this year’s budget to how to write essay riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the is Trent University argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. The sample Argument essay we’ll be looking at discusses and disputes three different assumptions made by the argument : That the survey is a reliable measure of preferences and should be used as a source of information to inform budget planning. That there is how to write Lincoln Minster a link between the river’s odor and pollution and the lack of residents’ recreational use of the creative thinking University river. That plans to how to a critique essay Lincoln Minster clean up Mason River will be effective.
To analyze this essay, I’ll highlight places where the essay fulfills each of the writing School of Management criteria for the 6.0 GRE Writing score level. The first of these rubric criteria is a description of what a perfect-scoring Argument essay should look like overall: Rubric description : In addressing the specific task directions, a 6 response presents a cogent, well-articulated examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully. This description of what a perfect Argument essay should look like is much more general than the rest of the other rubric items and is more meant as a summary of how to a critique essay Lincoln Minster School, what the other four items indicate than as a specific criterion in and of itself. If an custom essay service Fryeburg Academy, essay meets all of the other four rubric requirements for a 6.0 Argument essay score, then it should fit under this broader description as well; if it does not, then that can be an indicator to the essay rater that she needs to reassess her scoring of the essay. Above: portrait of a sad essay grader who, upon re-reading the holistic essay grading criteria, now has to reassess his scoring. The first non-general Argument essay rubric item relates to whether or not an essay accomplishes the assigned task. Rubric description : A 6 essay clearly identifies aspects of the argument relevant to the assigned task and examines them insightfully.
The sample essay succeeds in meeting both parts of this criterion. In the write a critique essay, the author pinpoints three different assumptions of the argument (survey is reliable, water being dirty is CATS Canterbury why people don’t use it for write essay Minster recreational sports, and cleaning it will work). Each of these claims is harvardbusinessreview Hill School a key assumption upon which the argument depends, since if any one of these three claims proved unfounded, then the argument becomes illogical. The author also “examines [the assumptions] insightfully” by discussing the implications of a critique Lincoln School, each assumption and what it would mean for the argument were the assumptions to prove false . If the writing a persuasive paper CATS College author had merely identified the key elements of the argument without this kind of discussion, the essay would have received a lower score. Below is an excerpt from the essay that illustrates an instance of the write Minster School author fulfilling this criterion: “If the essay service Fryeburg river’s water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, [that a river clean up will result in write a critique essay Minster increased river usage] may be true… But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true.”
In this excerpt, the author points out an assumption of the argument (that the quality and rubric for essay writing of Management, smell problems from the river can be dealt with) and presents the write Lincoln School implications if the assumption is unwarranted (if the analytic writing SDA Bocconi School of Management problems are from mineral deposits, quality and how to, smell change might not be possible). The clear way in which the author gets to the point (if A, then B may be true…but if not A, then B may not be true) and the insight she uses in determining why the assumption might not be true and what effect that might have all contribute to this essay achieving a 6-level score. “You don’t have to be a detective to best custom writing service Fryeburg Academy write the how to essay Minster School essay, but it helps*!” * does not actually help. All you need is adequate preparation. The next specific rubric item delves into the logic of the author’s writing and the organization of the essay. Rubric description : A 6 essay develops ideas cogently, organizes them logically and connects them with clear transitions.
While the previous rubric item is concerned with the author’s ability to analytic rubric for essay writing SDA Bocconi School of Management pick apart the logic of the argument in the prompt, this item focuses in on the author’s own writing style and her ability to logically develop and connect ideas in a critique Lincoln the Argument essay. GRE guidelines for both the Issue and Argument essay place a premium on clear logic and organization, both in terms of how ideas are linked within a paragraph as well as on a larger scale. For the Argument essay, it makes sense to group your discussion of each assumption into its own separate paragraph. Writing? However, if you want to get a perfect essay score, you can’t just throw in information about the assumption and its implications willy-nilly, without a care for its organization. Instead, you must make sure that each of your points about the assumption is directly followed by support for write essay Lincoln Minster that point. This clarity of development allows the reader to follow your logic more easily, which in turn makes your essay that much more persuasive and effective. In the Argument essay, organization and best writing service Fryeburg, logic are also important when it comes to ordering the paragraphs of your essay and transitioning between ideas. Here’s an example of a transition that connects the ideas of two consecutive paragraphs: “Building upon the implication that residents do not use the how to essay river due to how to write faster the quality of the river’s water and the smell, the write essay School author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage.” This sentence begins the fourth paragraph of the essay and logically transitions to essays the new assumption about to be discussed (“river clean up will result in how to essay Lincoln Minster School increased river usage”) by how to write essays IMG Academy referencing the idea just discussed in how to essay Lincoln Minster School the third paragraph (“residents do not use the river due to custom writing service Academy the quality of the river’s water and the smell”). The sentence structure “building upon the implication that…the author suggests that” connects the two ideas skillfully, strengthening the how to write School link between the essay writing Chelsea Independent two paragraph by write essay Lincoln School framing it as a logical progression.
The clear and Besant, logical way in which the author develops her points within each paragraph and write essay Minster School, the tight organizational connections between paragraphs are how the essay exemplifies this rubric item. On the other hand, a dirty river means more residents on the river trying to clean it up, so…at least there’s that? Gabriela Avram/Flickr. Want to improve your GRE score by 7 points? We have the industry's leading GRE prep program. Creative Thinking University? Built by world-class instructors with 99th percentile GRE scores, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through machine learning data science, then customizes your prep program to you so you get the most effective prep possible. Try our 5-day full access trial for a critique essay School free:
The third non-general item on the GRE Argument essay rubric is focused entirely on how well the author supports her points. Rubric description : A 6 essay provides compelling and thorough support for its main points. Essentially, this rubric item is all about determining whether or not an author properly supports her ideas and their development throughout the essay. Is Trent University? Correctly identifying assumptions and examining them in essay Minster School a logical and organized way is all very well and good and satisfies the first two rubric criteria, but if you don’t support your analysis with either scenarios from the argument or hypothetical scenarios that could also explain assumptions made in the argument, you’re not going to get a perfect score. Here’s an excerpt from the essay that demonstrates an instance of “compelling and thorough support”: “Additionally, the interactive essay Chelsea College author implies that residents do not use the a critique Minster river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly.
While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident’s lack of river use and the river’s current state is not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints.” The first sentence of this excerpt lays out the assumption made in the argument: the essay writing College reason people don’t use the write School water for is Trent University sport is because it’s dirty and odiferous. The next two sentences support the author’s claim that this assumption is unfounded in two important ways: #1: The author singles out how to write Lincoln Minster, a particular way in which the argument is harvardbusinessreview Besant Hill School flawed , stating that “a concrete connection…is not effectively made” between two specific claims linked in the argument. #2: The author explains why the argument is flawed by presenting relevant details, like the fact that the source of the complaints is how to write a critique Minster School unknown and could potentially be just a few people. The reasoning and support used by the author in her essay are effective because the author explains clearly the ways in which they support her points. If the author had just said, “There is no clear connection between the lack of river use and the river’s polluted state because it could just be a few people complaining,” the link between the number of people complaining and why this matters for the validity of the complaints would’ve been unclear and the support would be less compelling. The final rubric area for the Argument essay has to do with how skillfully an essay is written and interactive writing Independent College, how well it adheres to the standards of written English. Rubric description : A 6 essay conveys ideas fluently and precisely, using effective vocabulary and sentence variety.
Demonstrates superior facility with the conventions of standard written English (i.e., grammar, usage and a critique essay Lincoln, mechanics), but may have minor errors. This last group of items on a persuasive CATS College Canterbury the Argument essay rubric gets into the mechanics of how well the write essay School author writes. Faster? The two ways in write a critique essay School which this is University effected are through the precise use of a critique essay Lincoln Minster School, language and general dearth of errors . Here’s an example of an custom essay Fryeburg Academy, effective use of language in the sample essay: “While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident’s lack of river use and the river’s current state is not effectively made.” The precise language in this sentence successfully differentiates between the “likely” correlation that is made in how to a critique Lincoln Minster the prompt and the “concrete connection” that is interactive writing not made. This differentiation bolster’s the author’s point that the assumption made in how to write a critique essay Lincoln Minster the argument is unwarranted. The second part of this set of rubric items has to do with the author’s ability to write in standard English without making too many errors.
This is demonstrated throughout the thinking is Trent mostly error-free sample essay; the errors that do remain, like “afffected” in how to write a critique Lincoln Minster School paragraph four, do not impede the reader’s understanding of what the author is trying to say. This last point is creative is Trent a good distillation of what all the rubric items for a perfect-scoring essay are trying to capture: a 6.0 GRE Argument essay is one that is clear and precise, whether in Lincoln Minster School ideas, analysis, support, development, organization, or language . The river’s “CURRENT” state, get it? See, it’s funny because it’s also a river, so it has its own current, so…you know what, I’ll just see myself out. Karyn Christner/Flickr. 6 Steps to a 6.0: GRE Argument Essay Tips. To finish up this discussion of the essay rubric, I’ll go over the six GRE Argument essay tips you need to ensure a high score. One of the core skills you must master in order to how to write essays faster IMG Academy score at a critique essay Minster School all well on analytic writing SDA Bocconi of Management the GRE Argument essay is being able to analyze the structure and logic of the arguments , rather than getting caught up in whether you agree or disagree with the points being made. It may be difficult to do this at write essay School first, as it can be hard to be objective when the subject being argued about is one you have firm opinions on or when the logical flaws of the argument are so obvious it drives you crazy. Part of practicing and creative thinking, preparing for the GRE Argument essay task, though, is learning how to channel that irritation and outrage into an unflinching analysis and explanation of how the argument works and where it falls apart. Focus on the task at hand. In this case, the task is a swan, staring at you with its cold, swan-y eyes.
Beware. Making sure you analyze the argument (rather than agreeing or disagreeing with its position) is only the how to a critique first step to essay Chelsea College writing a successful GRE Argument essay, though. You’ll also need to a critique essay Lincoln make sure that in your dissection of the argument, your main focus stays on the major features of the argument that add (or detract from) the argument’s effectiveness. With only 30 minutes to essay writing Independent College complete the argument task, your job is not to be comprehensive, but to analyze the how to write Minster School points that matter. Just because you can identify every single thing wrong with the argument doesn’t mean that you should do this in your essay. In fact, if you end up trying to identify every single possible flaw in the argument’s reasoning, you’ll likely end up running out of time to do any analysis whatsoever. And while finding the flaws in the argument is an important part of the GRE Argument essay, an equally important part is explaining in a coherent and unified way why the flaws matter. Let’s consider the Mason City riverfront prompt again as an example. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. Creative Thinking University? The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities.
For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river’s water and the river’s smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to how to write a critique essay Lincoln School clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase. The city government should for that reason devote more money in creative thinking is Trent this year’s budget to riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the write a critique essay Lincoln Minster School argument.
Be sure to interactive writing Independent explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the write a critique Minster School implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. There’s a lot of custom essay writing service Fryeburg Academy, information in the prompt to mull over, and it can be tempting to leap into analyzing the first problematic assumption you notice, even if isn’t a major issue. Don’t fall prey to how to write Lincoln Minster School this temptation! It may be true that the prompt assumes that water sports can only be perpetrated on a river (rather than in a pool or the ocean), but the argument depends on this fact far less than it does on the assumption that the river’s bad smell and quality is Besant Hill School why Mason City residents rarely use the Mason River for water sports. The importance of write a critique essay Minster, keeping your analysis to harvardbusinessreview Hill School major points is a critique essay supported by the ideas and analysis rubric item: a 4-scoring essay “may also discuss some extraneous points”, while a 6-scoring essay only covers “aspects of the argument relevant to for essay School the assigned task.” Boating in a pool is totally possible. These guys get it. Baltimore RecNParks/Flickr. Because the GRE Argument essay involves critiquing someone else’s argument, rather than building your own, it may be difficult to see at write a critique essay Lincoln School first how you can keep your essay organized. In this case, as with many other types of essay, the five-paragraph essay form is your friend.
To start your essay, you will need to introduce the bare bones of analytic rubric SDA Bocconi of Management, what the argument is arguing. For the sample argument we went through above, those bare bones are that the essay School Mason City government should spend more money this year on riverside recreational facilities. You must also include at least a general description of the thrust of your analysis (whether or not the of Management argument is supported, if there are holes in the argument, or if the how to write a critique Lincoln argument is how to write essays IMG Academy more true than not). Ideally, these two points will connect to each other in a lean fashion, like in the introduction of this sample essay: Want to improve your GRE score by 7+ points? Check out how to Minster School, our best-in-class online GRE prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your GRE score by 7 points or more. PrepScholar GRE is entirely online, and it customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses.
We also feature thousands of practice questions, 2 official GRE practice tests, and 1-on-1 scoring and feedback on your AWA essays. Check out our 5-day free trial now: While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author’s argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on river use. It is easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. In each of the three body paragraphs of your essay, you should discuss the essay Chelsea College three major components of the argument that go to prove your point. Because of the way the GRE Argument prompts are structured, there are usually three main assumptions propping up each argument, which makes your analysis fit quite snugly into the five paragraph form.
If you only end up discussing two major questions or assumptions from the argument, it’s perfectly fine to end up with two body paragraphs, but you should keep in mind that if you have time, there might be a third avenue of the how to essay Lincoln Minster School argument that’s worth exploring. Finally, conclude your essay with a reference to your introduction and incorporation of some of the points you made. Rubric Writing SDA Bocconi School? This conclusion can be short, depending on how to a critique essay Minster how you’re doing for time and brainpower by the time you get to it, but including at least some sort of conclusion statement is an thinking, important part of write a critique School, keeping your essay organized. Planning out your essay into five-paragraph form before you start writing can also help you stay organized. #4: Do Mock Analyses of Real GRE Essay Prompts. There are 176 possible topics you’ll be asked to write about on the GRE Argument essay, and College Canterbury, all of them are available for write a critique Lincoln School free online. Custom Writing Fryeburg Academy? Because of this wealth of real essay topics, it’s unlikely that you’ll run out of prompts you can write practice essays on (unless you’re planning on spending 88 hours doing practice GRE Argument essays). Therefore, it’s safe to do practice outlines , rather than entire practice essays, for a portion of these prompts. Writing mock Argument essay outlines is how to good practice if you’re fine with explaining your thoughts but are struggling with speedily analyzing arguments. Besant School? Even if you have difficulty with both these aspects of the Argument task, creating outlines is still good practice because it will at least help you increase your analytical skills; once you’ve bolstered your ability to analyze an argument under time pressure, you can then proceed to writing full-length practice essays. For each prompt you choose to how to write a critique Minster School outline, come up with at least three points of School, analysis and a few sentences to explain the Lincoln School importance of each point.
These points of analytic rubric writing SDA Bocconi School of Management, analysis could be assumptions made in the argument, the evidence that’s needed to how to write a critique Lincoln Minster School successfully evaluate the writing a persuasive CATS argument, alternative explanations or arguments that could be made based on the facts presented in the task, and so on. Make sure, however, to follow step two above and how to write a critique Lincoln Minster, only discuss points that are central to the argument. You don’t have to essay Academy play through an entire song or write an entire essay every time you practice. Write A Critique Essay Minster School? Sometimes, targeted practice is just as valuable. Wolfgang Lonien/Flickr. The rubric is a good way to grade your own essays, but it can sometimes be hard to know how to take the College Canterbury abstract criteria from the scoring guidelines and apply them to a real essay. Fortunately, in addition to the free and publicly available sample argument essay I analyzed earlier, sample Argument essays at several different score levels are included in chapters 8 and 9 of The Official Guide to the GRE revised General Test (2nd Ed.) . You can maximize the value of these sample essays by not only reading them over write Lincoln School, but by also taking the interactive College GRE Argument essay rubric and how to write essay Lincoln Minster, applying it to them. Use the analytic rubric for essay School of Management major differences I pointed out in the 4-vs.-6 Writing score level comparison and my analysis of the 6-scoring sample GRE Argument essay to help you identify features that make the example essays so high-scoring. Make sure to note both what the authors do well and write a critique Minster School, why what they do is best custom writing service effective . The official GRE reader commentary that goes along with each sample essay is also a valuable resource you should use to supplement your analysis and ensure you haven’t missed anything.
You should not copy exact words or phrases from the perfect-scoring essays to use in your own work (that’s plagiarism, which is not permitted on the GRE). Instead, observe how other students successfully earned high essay scores and plan out how to write a critique essay Lincoln School, how you can emulate them. Examine perfect-scoring essays so you know what standards your essays need to meet. The word processor you use to write the Issue and writing a persuasive, Argument essays on the GRE does not have the a critique standard amenities of autocorrect, spell check, or grammar check, which means you’re likely to make typos and not notice it. You’re also going to be typing under time pressure, which may lead you to make more errors than usual. Because of this, it’s imperative you check over your essay before submitting it. Having a few minor errors in your essay is fine, as long as the errors don’t make it impossible to understand what you’re trying to say.
However, if there are too many typos and in mistakes in analytic rubric for essay writing School your essays, the how to essay Lincoln Minster School essay graders (both human and computer) will have difficulty understanding what you’re trying to say and following your analysis, and so will not be able to give you a high score. Example 1: Not revised, major errors (grammar, spelling, and punctuation) One of write faster IMG Academy, ht ecornerstones of the argument is that the fewer. In order for this to meaningful, hwoever, reporting methods from hospital to hospital would have to be equivalent, not just now, but also before from before the “recent est” was begun. How To Write? wihtout having a reliable baseline it, would be imposisble to essay Academy know if fhte measured reduction in patient infection gy harmful bacteria was all meaningful. Example 2: Revised, some minor errors remaining.
One of the cornerstones of the argument is that the hospitals reported fewer pateint infections after using UltraClean. In order for this to matter, however, reporting methods from how to a critique essay Minster, hospital to hospital would have to how to faster be equivalent. How To Write A Critique Essay Lincoln Minster? Furthermore, the best custom service Fryeburg methods of reporting patient infection would have to write a critique essay Lincoln have been equivalent before the “recent test” was begun. Without having a reliable baseline, it would be imposisble to know if fhte measured reduction in thinking is Trent patient infection by harmful bacteria was at all meaningful. Barnaby Monkey would never have gotten sick from how to write a critique essay School, a post-op infection if the hospital had used UltraClean.
Now you have a better understanding of what it takes to get a perfect score on the Argument essay, but what about on the other half of Analytical Writing? Find out with our exploration of what it takes to Besant Hill get a perfect score on the GRE Issue essay and our analyses of perfect scoring GRE essay samples. How well your essay matches up with the criteria in this essay rubric is how to write a critique essay Lincoln Minster School just part of the GRE essay story. Learn more about how exactly GRE Writing is scored here! I’ve discussed in this article about how a good GRE essay score isn’t necessarily a perfect score, but the essay writing Chelsea Independent College same doesn’t necessarily follow for write essay the rest of the GRE. Read more about how to how to write faster decide on write what’s a good GRE score for you here.
Ready to improve your GRE score by 7 points? We've written a guide about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of how to write essays faster, Music of how to a critique Minster School, Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on thinking the SAT and how to Lincoln, GRE and loves advising students on how to excel and fulfill their college and how to IMG Academy, grad school dreams. How To Write Essay School? View all posts by Laura Staffaroni. Subscribe and get FREE tips to crush the is Trent GRE! Join our Facebook GRE Study Group. Our Top 10 Most Viewed GRE Posts Ever.
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The Art of the Developer Resume - Improving the how to write Minster School Programmer Resume. Programmer resumes may seem like something of best writing service, a mundane topic, but after spending the how to write a critique School last few weeks wading through resumes from software developers, it is Besant, clear to me that most developers need help with their resumes. This impression is how to a critique essay School, backed up by best writing Academy many past resume reading experiences. While I have come across very few truly awful resumes, the majority of the software developer resumes I have read in the last week have been substandard. Only a few have been what I would call really well done. Does that mean that the majority of the developers represented by these resumes are themselves substandard? Maybe so, but I would like to think not. While I am certain that there is a wide range of skill levels within the essay Lincoln School pool of analytic SDA Bocconi, available developers, that does not mean that those developers who are not in the top percentiles should be described as substandard.
Not at all. Maybe not all of essay Minster School, them are as sophisticated as I might be looking for, and maybe not all of them write the best looking code, but they will undoubtedly make some employer happy. My theory, instead, is that, because the majority of writing a persuasive paper CATS Canterbury, these developers do not understand the art of the how to write a critique essay Lincoln School resume (and more specifically, the art of the rubric School of Management developer resume), their resumes may not do them justice. In the paragraphs that follow, my aim is to reveal that art to you, and to how to a critique essay Minster School, give you my perspective as someone who has often been in the position of writing paper, sifting through resumes and hiring developers. Before getting into specifics, I would like to emphasize one thing: the goal of your resume is to land you an interview. Period.
If your resume does not get you an interview for write a critique Lincoln Minster School, a job, then it has failed. Keep this thought in the front of writing SDA Bocconi, your mind as you think about and work on your resume. (Getting the write Lincoln interview is the first step in a four step process: getting the interview, excelling in the interview, deciding whether you want the job, and closing the deal—but I’ll save those last three steps for future essays.) Put yourself in the shoes of the hiring manager, who is likely a senior developer (or formerly was one): she is sitting there at her desk, with a fairly good idea of what sort of developer she needs to hire (or maybe not), and in creative thinking is Trent, front of how to write essay Lincoln Minster School, her is a thick stack of resumes. In a slow job market like we are in at the time of this writing, it might be a huge stack of resumes. I personally know of an employer who received 240 resumes for a single job posting. You can believe it is not a fun job having to sift through those resumes, and this hiring manager knows it. In fact, they’ve been sitting on her desk for almost a week, because she’s been dreading the task. This hiring manager is very busy, and only has time to perform a limited number of phone screenings and interviews, so it’s a given that only a small percentage of these resumes is going to make it into interactive College the keepers pile. The ones that make the keepers pile get a phone call and an interview. The ones that don’t go in the trash.
Given this scenario, it is important to realize three things: First, this hiring manager desperately wants to find a sufficient number of stand-out resumes as soon as possible. Second, the how to write a critique essay Lincoln School best candidates will not get the interviews—the best resumes will. The ideal candidate’s resume may very well end up in the trash. Third, since the majority of the developers out there are not good at writing resumes, if you can make yours shine, it will almost always make it into the keepers pile (assuming you are a fit for the position).
So how do you make sure your resume stands out? What follows are my guidelines for winning developer resumes. Disclaimers: Take what you like from my suggestions and leave what you don’t like. Many people have very specific ideas about how a resume should look and what it should contain, and I certainly do not mean to suggest that a resume that does not follow my formula is automatically a bad resume. There is how to IMG Academy, no one-size-fits-all formula. Also, I’m not making any claims that any of these tips and tricks are my own unique creation. My formula is culled from reading several books on job hunting and resume writing, reading hundreds of resumes, frequent tweaking and a critique essay Minster School, updating of essays faster IMG Academy, my own resume, and helping friends with their resumes over the years. In my opinion, the ideal resume length is two to how to Lincoln School, three pages. If you have several years of experience, three pages is writing service, ideal. If you have less experience, then two pages is ideal. On the first page, you should have your identifying information at the top; an Objective section (if you decide to use one; see below); a Summary of Qualifications section (see below); followed by the beginning of your Professional Experience section.
The first page should end with the description of your most recent position. Then the next most recent position would appear at the top of the second page, and so on. If you’re having trouble filling out essay School two pages, chances are you are not digging deep enough or going into enough detail in your Professional Experience section (see below). If your resume is longer than three pages, chances are you are either providing too much detail, you have extraneous sections, or you are not using creative layout techniques (such as two-column bulleted lists) to make it fit; gigantic amounts of white space is a common flaw leading to overly long resumes. Beware of making your resume go beyond three pages. Remember the harried hiring manager: you want to give enough information to make a strong statement and represent yourself properly, but you don’t want to give so much that you overwhelm or exhaust. Harvardbusinessreview Hill? In my most recent round of how to essay Minster, resume shifting, I received several seven and eight page resumes from how to faster, one agency. Seven and write a critique essay, eight pages!
I didn’t read past page three on a single one of writing paper CATS Canterbury, them. If your resume goes beyond three pages, does that mean you are dead in write essay Lincoln Minster, the water? Not necessarily. I called a couple of those developers with the analytic rubric writing excessively long resumes. I am talking here about the ideal resume length. A Critique Essay Minster? Maybe you have a couple decades of experience, multiple certifications, a couple degrees, some honors and awards, and magazine and book publication to your credit. If that is the case, more power to you: make your resume longer than three pages. That said, I stick by my assertion that three pages is plenty for almost any developer’s resume. On 95% of the resumes that have an Objective section, the section adds no value whatsoever. I know that all the resume books, and your high school guidance counselor, told you to put this section at analytic rubric for essay writing of Management the top of your resume, but I personally do not use an Objective section on my resume. Here’s a typical objective: Seeking a rewarding, challenging position with growth potential in write a critique essay Minster, a dynamic company.
Well of course you are! Who isn’t? Why waste this precious space on something so bland, generic, and unremarkable? Remember, you want your resume to stand out, to rise above the sea of substandard resumes. On my resume, I want the first thing that hiring manager reads to make a strong statement about me —to hook the how to essays faster IMG Academy reader, so to speak. The goal of how to a critique essay Minster School, my resume is to sell me, to land that interview. Interactive Essay Writing Chelsea? I only how to a critique have a few moments of the reader’s attention. I start my resume off with the heading, Summary of Qualifications. (I’ll go into more detail on this section below.) Each of the analytic rubric for essay School of Management bullet points at the beginning of this section makes a strong, specific statement about how to write a critique essay, me, my experience, my skill level, the technologies in which I am proficient, etc. In this way, not only am I making a statement about what kind of candidate I am, my objective is implied: I’m looking for a position that is going to match my skill level and experience, using the technologies in which I am an expert, and utilizing my leadership skills and experience.
If you’ve got something within those parameters, let’s talk. Does that I mean I would never use an Objective section on my resume? Does that mean you should not have an Objective section on your resume? Not necessarily. The Objective section can be useful if you really have some kind of specific situation that you are looking for.
Maybe you only analytic SDA Bocconi School of Management want to work in a specific industry, or on a particular kind of project, or only how to write a critique Minster School using bleeding edge technology. However, for my own resume, unless I really had a strong feeling about writing a persuasive paper CATS College, one of these criteria, I’d probably leave the Objective section off—especially in a slower job market, because I’d rather have the opportunity to turn a position down than never know it might have been offered to me because of my narrowly stated objective. As I mentioned above, I start my resume off with a section called Summary of Qualifications. The idea is to give a kind of executive summary, like you’d see in a business plan or marketing report. There are a few reasons for this: one, I’m always picturing the harried hiring manager and her huge stack of resumes. I want to grab her attention as quickly as possible.
Two, I know from my studies of marketing and journalism that many (if not most) people will never read past the first few sentences or paragraphs of how to write essay Lincoln School, anything if they don’t have to. It’s a blow to my ego sometimes, but I know that most people who start reading this essay will never make it this far. The same goes for essay writing Chelsea Independent, my resume—maybe even doubly so. For this large percentage of people, I need to how to write School, get my point across quickly. So there’s reason number three: even for the people who do read the rest of the resume thoroughly, I want to sell them on the idea that I might be their ideal candidate right away, so that they spend the rest of their time with my resume seeking support and how to essays IMG Academy, justification for that conclusion. Lincoln Minster? In other words, I make bold claims in my Summary of Qualifications section, and then I make sure the information in my Professional Experience section (see below) supports those claims. Like most of my resume, the format of the Summary of Qualifications section is bullet points. I like bullet points because they are easy to writing CATS, read, they don’t look daunting on the page like a thick paragraph does, and they appeal to how to a critique Lincoln School, people’s short attention spans. I start the creative is Trent section off with more general points, and then get more specific. How To Write Essay Lincoln? As I mentioned, I like to faster, make bold statements that sell me to the reader. Here is the first bullet point on my resume:
Daniel Read is a well-rounded professional software developer with over eleven years experience developing and maintaining a wide variety of systems for large international corporations and small businesses. Daniel’s specialties are working with business experts, designing technical and non-technical solutions to meet the how to essay Lincoln Minster School needs of the harvardbusinessreview Besant School business, crafting and implementing development processes, and leading teams to how to write essay Minster, deliver software. He is also a skilled programmer. From there I start getting more specific. You should, of course, tailor the boldness of Hill School, these kinds of statements to match your experience and qualifications.
Don’t make claims you can’t back up. How To Write Lincoln Minster? Finally, don’t worry if some of these bullet points are sentence fragments; sentence fragments are permissible in bullet points and on resumes. I end the Summary of Qualifications section with a two-column bulleted list of creative is Trent, specific technologies, languages, and tools with which I am proficient. Essay Lincoln Minster School? By this point, I have used up at how to essays IMG Academy least the first half of the first page. This is where most developers need the most help on how to a critique, their resumes. Harvardbusinessreview Besant Hill? You can call this section whatever you like, but on my resume I call it, Professional Experience.
When I read through this section of a job candidate’s resume, I am looking for disqualifiers. In other words, I am looking for reasons not to put this resume in the keepers pile. Remember that as the hiring manager I have a huge stack of resumes, and if I don’t use some kind of how to a critique essay School, criteria to trim them down, I’ll never get to go home. What has this developer really done? Does her experience back up her claims of best custom essay writing Academy, what technologies and experience he says he has?
Has he worked on similar projects to what I am looking for? Has she stayed around at jobs long enough to see her code go into production and through subsequent releases? Does he jump around jobs too frequently? Was his participation in these projects substantial or only peripheral? There are many questions such as these, and essay, every hiring manager has different hot buttons. Knowing this, and knowing I cannot hope to write IMG Academy, please everyone or be the ideal candidate for every job, my goal on write a critique essay School, my own resume is to simply be as specific as possible (within reason, of course) and back up the claims I made in my Summary of Qualifications section. My goal is a persuasive paper CATS College Canterbury, also to how to a critique essay Lincoln School, continue to sell. What I am selling are my abilities (which are proven by the technologies I have worked on, the types of software I have built) and custom essay writing service Academy, the positive effect I have had wherever I have been . This latter part is what too many developers miss. Putting it in marketing terms, it’s about selling the benefits. When advertisers promote a car or box of laundry detergent, they don’t just list the how to School facts about the product—they present the product so that the consumer imagines the benefits of owning the product. On your resume you don’t want to just say, I wrote code.
You want to Chelsea Independent College, say, I wrote code, which had the lowest defect rate on how to a critique essay Lincoln School, the team, resulting in a shortened testing cycle. Show the harvardbusinessreview School reader of your resume the benefits which past employers have enjoyed from your work, and a prospective employer will be able to imagine himself enjoying those benefits as well. Going back to how to a critique essay Lincoln, formatting, what I do is make sure that the second half of the first page of my resume contains the entirety of my most recent position. Then I continue with the rest of my positions on harvardbusinessreview, the second and third pages. Write Lincoln? I start each position description with the company name, location, and date ranges of employment. Underneath that, I list my job title, followed by harvardbusinessreview School a brief description of the type of company, the project(s) I worked on, and the role I played. This description should not exceed two sentences. This is a big mistake that I see on many resumes. Too many people will spend a paragraph or two describing the how to write a critique project and the company, and then barely spend any time at all getting specific about what they did . These developers will go into writing CATS College detail about how to write essay Minster, what type of company it was, what division they worked in, what the best custom service purpose of the software was, what technologies were used (whether or not they personally had anything to how to write a critique essay School, do with those technologies or not), how many team members there were, etc., etc. Is some of this information relevant? Probably—but you have to keep this sort of thing to a bare minimum.
Your resume’s job is to sell you , to land you an Hill School, interview. When I encounter this technique on write a critique Minster School, a resume, I am left to conclude that this developer didn’t really do all that much on this project, and how to IMG Academy, is therefore trying to make it look like he worked on a lot of stuff he really didn’t by describing a lot of stuff he was simply associated with . You can get away with this to a point, depending on the shrewdness of the write Lincoln School resume reader, but only if you also follow it up with good specifics about what you did. Another thought regarding this problem: I see this technique often on best custom essay Academy, the resumes of people from other countries besides the United States. I don’t have any facts to prove this, but my sense is that perhaps in write essay Lincoln, some cultures it is considered unseemly to draw too much attention to oneself; in other words, you worked as part of a team, and it would be disrespectful to the team to shine a spotlight on yourself apart from the thinking University team. Write Lincoln School? If this is indeed a cultural difference between the US and other countries, then I absolutely respect that. If you live and work in University, a country besides the US, then maybe none of this resume advice of mine applies. How To A Critique Essay Lincoln? I can’t say, because my view is totally provincial to the US job market. That said, if you are from another country or culture, and writing, are seeking a job in the US, then you cannot afford on your resume to be shy. I am not saying you should be boastful, but neither can you afford to how to write a critique essay Lincoln Minster, be modest.
So after this two-to-three sentences of summary, I launch into bullet points. These bullet points are intended to for essay writing SDA Bocconi School, describe what specific things I did for the company and for how to write a critique essay Lincoln School, the project, what technologies I worked with, and whenever possible, the benefits that my efforts had for the team and for the company. Write? Here are a few random examples from my resume: Designed a large web-based e-commerce application from scratch, including requirements, database design, object/component design, security design, design of logical and physical tiers, and user interface design. How To Lincoln Minster School? Wrote a 100+ page design document for the entire system. Chelsea Independent? Co-wrote a reusable application framework for state machine/unattended execution type applications. This framework cuts two weeks from the how to a critique essay School construction of these types of applications, which were common for this development shop. Also wrote additional applications using the framework. Designed and wrote, from best essay writing service Fryeburg, scratch, a large client/server system with a traditional Visual Basic front end.
This system was very successful for the company’s largest client, and consists of how to a critique essay Minster School, thousands of lines of School, code in over 50 files, plus dozens of stored procedures and triggers. It was written in a combination of Visual Basic for the logical front and middle tiers, and T-SQL for the data tier. Wrote, edited, and how to write a critique essay School, directed a complete rewrite of all program documentation, converting them from bound books and interactive essay Chelsea College, printed release notes to an electronic hypertext publishing system, resulting in four book-length on-line manuals and a $15-per-unit reduction in deliverables costs. Here are some tips for writing bullet points for your Professional Experience section: Start each bullet with a strong action verb: wrote, designed, researched, compiled, supported, built, led, coordinated, initiated, conceived, etc. Try to avoid using the same verbs over and over. Imagine the how to write a critique School word I in custom essay writing Fryeburg Academy, front of each bullet: I conceived , I wrote , I built , etc.—only leave out the actual word I when you write it. A Critique Essay School? Use the active voice.
You do not want to writing a persuasive paper, sound wishy-washy or passive. How To School? Here is passive voice: The system was written in C. And here is active voice: I wrote the system in C. Your resume is selling you , and writing a persuasive CATS Canterbury, the passive voice takes you out of the picture. Be specific about what you did, and be specific about the technologies you used. How To A Critique? Don’t try to be clever by mentioning a lot of technologies that other people worked on, because you will get busted in write essays IMG Academy, the interview. Be specific about the types of projects you worked on, what parts of them you worked on, and what phase(s) you were involved in. Did you work on GUI elements, the middle tier(s), or the database? Did you participate or lead requirements and/or design, or were you involved mainly in a critique essay Minster, the construction? Did you spec out the Besant Hill hardware? Did you assist or lead the deployment of your software, and how to Minster School, see it through into the maintenance phase?
Sell success. Don’t be shy about pointing out the benefits that the best essay Academy team and company accrued from your efforts. Did your project have a successful rollout with a very low bug count? Did the software you worked on make a lot of money for the company? Did the Lincoln School improvements you made to the software result in essays faster IMG Academy, reductions to the help desk staff?
Sell that stuff. When selling the a critique essay Lincoln Minster School benefits of your work, use numbers where possible. Managers, especially, love numbers. Can you quote a certain percentage of creative, performance gain or reduction in memory usage from how to write a critique essay Lincoln, your efforts? Can you point to how to IMG Academy, an increase in sales after you added new features to the software? Use relevant buzzwords, but don’t go overboard—and don’t use buzzwords you are not confident you can define and discuss. Don’t leave out non-coding tasks like documentation, training, support, mentoring, etc. How To A Critique Essay Lincoln Minster? These things demonstrate that you are a well rounded individual. When reading developer resumes, I am always looking for this. As you go from a persuasive, position to position on your resume, if you are having trouble keeping within the write essay Lincoln Minster two or three page limit, you may need to start progressively shortening the section for each position, even getting really old positions down to writing a persuasive CATS Canterbury, one bullet point.
How much detail do you really need to go into describing your work with technology that has been virtually obsolete for how to Lincoln School, ten years? Finally, if you have part of your work experience in non-computer-related fields, and do not feel that it is relevant, then just list that period of time as Non IT-Related Employment and how to essays faster IMG Academy, put the date range. This is how I sum up my three years of how to write a critique, retail management experience immediately after college. The harried hiring manager does not care that right out of college I spent a year and writing paper CATS, a half at a department store building shelf displays in the middle of the night. So far, I have only described two primary sections, Summary of write essay Lincoln, Qualifications and Professional Experience (plus the optional Objective section). In fact, these two primary sections are the how to write essays faster only sections on my resume. What about write essay Lincoln Minster School, some other traditional resume sections? I am not necessarily opposed to other sections, but these two sections serve me well all by themselves, and I suspect they will serve most developer’s resumes equally well. Some other sections you might be wondering about:
Education I do not use this section on my resume because I put my single relevant educational fact in my Summary of Qualifications section. I have a Bachelor of Arts degree in Creative Writing, and have never felt that this one modest fact is harvardbusinessreview Hill School, enough to warrant a whole section on my resume. Even if I had one or two more degrees, I still don’t think I would create a separate Education section on my resume. The main reason for this is that education is one of those touchy subjects that people are sensitive to. Many people are insecure about how to write a critique essay Lincoln School, their education level, and thinking is Trent, this seems to be equally true of people who never went to write Lincoln, college as it is of people who have a two Bachelors degrees, a Ph.D., and an MBA. Writing A Persuasive CATS College? The other reason is that I don’t view education level as a reliable barometer for a developer’s qualifications. How To Essay Lincoln Minster? I don’t even view a computer science degree as a reliable barometer for a developer’s qualifications. Does this mean you should not put a separate Education section on your resume, or that I would hold it against a resume that did?
Absolutely not. I just don’t like to waste the writing paper CATS Canterbury space on my own resume. Training and Certification This is another gray area. Some people might lump training and certification into the Education section, and others like to write essay Minster School, break it out into its own section. I don’t do either. If I had taken some training that I felt was relevant, than I would put it in interactive writing Chelsea College, my Summary of Qualifications section. I do the same with certifications. If you’ve taken a large amount of training, have a lot of how to write School, certifications, or are particularly proud of your efforts in these areas, then by all means, add a section for it. That said, be aware that there are many people who have very strong negative feelings, even contempt, for harvardbusinessreview Besant Hill School, certifications. These people are usually fairly irrational about it, in my experience, and write a critique essay, I would not advocate hiding your hard-earned certifications from these narrow minded people.
But that fact might make you reconsider how much attention to draw to your certification(s), and also whether or not you would want to embed certification logos in best custom essay writing service Academy, your resume. Other Interests I strongly recommend against this kind of section, where well meaning people like to list things like hobbies and outside interests. Some people like to also create Professional Affiliation sections in which to list memberships in how to write essay Lincoln Minster School, clubs and associations. The reason I recommend against these kind of Besant Hill, sections is that I believe in keeping anything potentially controversial in the background, or preferably off the resume altogether. Remember that harried hiring managers are looking for how to write essay Lincoln School, disqualifiers on essays, your resume—don’t hand them over on a silver platter. Regardless of how to write School, whether you add these, or other sections, to your resume, I strongly recommend putting them at harvardbusinessreview Hill the end of your resume, after the Professional Experience section. I won’t be going into a lot of write a critique essay, detail regarding resume layout, but I would like to say that layout is extremely important.
Issues such as font choice, margins, white space, and creative thinking University, using small blocks of text that are inviting to write essay Lincoln Minster, the reader are crucial in Besant, the construction of your resume. I wish I had time to tell you about how to write essay Lincoln Minster School, some of the horrid looking resumes I’ve been reading these past few weeks. If desktop publishing, layout, and word processor magic are not your strengths, then by all means get the writing CATS College help of a friend who is good in how to Lincoln Minster, these areas. There are also many good resume books that contain layout tips and templates. The bottom line is this: your resume represents you. When I see a developer’s resume that is sloppy and rubric SDA Bocconi of Management, unbalanced, then I have to how to write a critique Lincoln, assume that his code will look that way too. This is a huge pet peeve of creative, mine. Contracting and placement agencies have this nice habit of taking the perfect resume that you spent hours on and totally making a mess of write a critique essay Minster School, it. It’s really shameful. I understand that agencies want to cover up the personal contact info at the top of your resume and thinking University, that they want to put their logo at write a critique Minster School the top.
I have no problem with that, which is why I leave room at the top of my resume for them to do this. But too often (most of the time, really) the agency people who are changing these resumes a) don’t have a clue what they are doing, and b) don’t give a damn about a persuasive paper CATS, how good the layout on your resume looks. Worse yet, many agencies require that all resumes be in the same format, so they retype them into some proprietary software, which usually pumps out something that looks like crap, or that comes out seven or eight pages long. I have a policy: before I will let any agency submit my resume for a position, I require final approval on the resume they are going to how to Minster School, submit. A Persuasive Paper Canterbury? I play hardball on this one.
If an agency won’t work with me on this, then they don’t get to represent me. If they need a copy of my resume without my personal info and with their logo added, then they can send me the how to write Lincoln logo graphic, and I’ll be happy to make them one. How To Write Faster? I have been burned too many times on this: I show up for the interview, get a look at the mess of a resume the agency sent over, and I end up apologizing for the way it looks. Maybe I’m being silly, but the way I look at it is that until a potential employer meets me and gets to know me and my work, the resume is me and my work. An often overlooked tidbit: when you have a multi-page resume, make sure you put a footer on how to write a critique essay School, all of the pages after the first one. In the footer, put the page number, your name, and your phone number and/or e-mail address. The reason for this is that pages get lost and how to write essays faster, separated and mixed up. Beware of agency mutilation of your footers (see above). Quickly, here are some things to avoid on your resume:
Don’t stretch or otherwise misrepresent the truth. Don’t oversell. Essay Lincoln Minster School? Don’t be trivial. By this I mean, don’t include your typing speed and filing skills on your resume, and don’t list every silly third party library or component that you’ve ever worked with. Trivialities expose or suggest lack of experience. Don’t be negative. Analytic For Essay SDA Bocconi School? This tip applies to the whole job seeking process.
Don’t put anything negative (such as how you left your last job because your boss didn’t respect you) on your resume. At all costs, avoid misspellings, poor grammar, and how to a critique essay Lincoln, technical mistakes on your resume. Have at least two other people read your resume before you send it out to anyone. No disrespect intended to my beloved international readers, but if English is not your first language and custom writing service, you are applying for a job in the US, I strongly recommend getting a native English speaker with good writing skills to proofread your resume. To wrap this up, let me say that I realize that all of this may seem overwhelming and how to essay School, intimidating if you do not have a great deal of experience or if you are not overflowing with self confidence. Interactive Essay College? If you are lacking experience, do not let that discourage you. Everyone starts out with a lack of write a critique, experience. Put extra effort into your resume and demonstrate that you are a person who cares about quality, is willing to put in extra effort, has a good attitude, and has a strong interest in software development as a craft and discipline. If you are lacking experience and best custom essay writing service, are not doing a lot of reading and a lot of a critique, self practice, then you are not helping yourself. You of course need to be reading technical materials about your chosen tools, but you also need to rubric writing SDA Bocconi School of Management, be doing a lot of non-technology-specific general software development reading. A Critique Minster? There are plenty of companies and teams looking to hire less experienced people who have the analytic writing SDA Bocconi right attitude, who show a lot of how to a critique Minster, initiative, and who demonstrate dedication to Independent College, quality.
I myself have hired less experienced developers many times. Find creative ways to make your resume demonstrate these things about you, and someone will give you a shot at an interview. As for Lincoln School, lack of self confidence, the best method I know for overcoming that is to fake it. The first place to start faking it is in your resume. Your resume cannot reveal a lack of analytic for essay writing SDA Bocconi, confidence. If you are unsure about your resume, get a friend, colleague, or mentor that you trust to help you with it. A strong resume that you are proud of is School, a great way to make sure that you can walk into thinking University an interview feeling confident. Remember where this essay started: most of the how to write a critique essay Lincoln resumes you are competing with are crap, and now you know some techniques for harvardbusinessreview School, making sure yours will stand out.
If you feel like you need more, there is no shortage of resume advice out a critique essay Lincoln Minster School there. Note: the author made minor changes and updates to this article on July 20, 2005. No list sharing of any kind. No special offers from partners. No webinars. No Special Reports. by Robert L. Glass.
All content copyright 2000-2006 by the individual specified authors (and where not specified, copyright by analytic rubric School of Management Read Media, LLC). Reprint or redistribute only with written permission from the author and/or developer.*.
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america is essay A fun-filled day for the entire family. God, Tyranny Liberty. -Nov 5 2002 Elections. -When War is the Agent. -Open Letter to the. Citizens of Israel. -Chairman Jt Chief of. Staff Gen Myers Letter. ESSAY ON AMERICA. How To A Critique Minster! When the Puritans lived in England they were persecuted for their religious beliefs.
The Church of England prohibited them from worshipping in essays faster, their own way. There was no debate about the validity of the Puritan's doctrine. They were considered heretics by the absolute power and how to a critique essay Lincoln authority of the Church, exercising the power of the Status Quo. The Church of England believed in Christianity. But was it the teaching of their founder to persecute others, lock them up and custom essay take away their freedom simply because their beliefs were different? In this case, if they had cared to see, their own professed beliefs would have acted as a mirror to write a critique essay expose their hypocrisy and evil. Having the chance to resettle in America the Puritans acted. If they had stayed in interactive essay, England, the Church and the Government would have destroyed them because of their beliefs and essay Lincoln because they did not have the support from the general populace at the time.
What happened to the Puritans and their choice to settle in America set in motion a wave of determination so great it not only became the driving force of the development and character of American society but it also became the impetus for the spreading of human rights and democracy worldwide. Why was this force so powerful that nothing could stop it from displaying its indomitable resole in the human spirit? The Church of England tried to custom writing service suppress the individual in their spiritual beliefs, their private domain, the seat of life where all people inquire about their own existence. It tried to imprison their mind, the seat of judgment which is the main driving force to discern good from evil. This triggered a chain reaction that would release the flow of how to a critique Lincoln Minster School, individual rights, that would saturate the American psyche, thus becoming the driving force that would shape our history and become the standard of behavior to protect what is most noble in humanity. Now the creative is Trent, seed was planted, from that time on the given right of the individual to stand up and how to write a critique Lincoln School defend himself against write essays IMG Academy, any force or system that would subdue his rights was set in motion. This phenomenon where noble ideals continue to rise up even from the ashes of our own indignities is uniquely American. The fact that we continually champion the cause for individual rights under any circumstances is a critique essay School, what makes our struggle so important to the world's social structure and its future. As time continued, many other people came to this country, some for political reasons, some to escape prosecution and persecution, some for a persuasive paper Canterbury, economic reasons, and School many were forced to come here and be sold as slaves.
Soon many different colonies were formed containing people from all parts of the interactive writing Chelsea College, globe, but still the English maintained an oppressive social and economic grip over how to a critique the colonies. The colonists were an independent lot and there was no way they accepted the Church of England or the aristocratic social structure as something they could embrace. Best Custom Essay Service! This became apparent in the War of Independence, which produced documents such as the Declaration of Independence and eventually the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. How To Write Lincoln School! These would confirm that the foundation of the writing SDA Bocconi School, country was the focus on individual freedom. This was a far cry from a monarch and aristocracy where the people were neither empowered by charter or even given the right to hold their own leaders accountable for their actions. Through this struggle a government was formed by the people and for the people where the leaders would be directly accountable to its citizens. Jefferson stated in write a critique Lincoln Minster School, the past people were never empowered to interactive College censure or punish their leaders and a critique essay Lincoln Minster those that would even raise their voice in protest were considered traitors. Creative Thinking University! This right is write a critique School, of central importance because it truly defines the core of our social and ethical system, which had set us apart from the rest of the writing CATS College, world. The Constitution provided the separation of Church and State.
Now the government became the blanket under which all people could have their own beliefs, the freedom to speak out without fear of backlash from any group, religious institution or the government itself. The government was structured to protect and defend the rights of all the write School, people. Thus it became the model that influenced thinking so deeply, that it would give rise to the movement of enlightened structures in writing Independent, both the secular and religious realm in the twenty first century. This is in direct concurrence with the spirit and teachings of great religious leaders where the integrity of the individual is to be cherished and protected. These founding documents would be the how to a critique essay School, foundation for the rights of each individual and would be the building blocks of a new emerging civilization where the people are empowered to keep those who are in positions of authority in check, in other words, to keep the status quo in check. Even though these documents were founded to protect the rights of the individual there was still slavery. These Americans of writing a persuasive Canterbury, African descent were considered 3/5 human. Now the Church in America became hypocritical. Not only did their own religious doctrines mirror their hypocrisy, but the Bill of Rights exposed their evil. They had condoned and even protected the idea of slavery. But the force of individual rights and the integrity of individuals continued to drive forward and now that it was written into our sacred founding documents, such hypocrisy could not last.
With the appearance of Lincoln the status quo was challenged again and an institution that had supported social injustice was challenged by the integrity of the Bill of Rights. With that established, the a critique essay Minster School, indignity of slavery gave birth to the Emancipation Proclamation. Again the status quo was put in for essay SDA Bocconi, check by our sacred doctrines and how to a critique Minster School the people who chose to speak out, protect and honor them. The gap between the doctrines of the people and their actions now became smaller. Amazingly, this driving force keeps moving forward like a raging current that has only one purpose: to wash away all that is evil and perverse. Throughout the twentieth century this force continued to gather momentum, drawing into its vortex all manner of movements: women's rights, civil rights, worker's rights - the list goes on, the writing a persuasive paper CATS, roar gets louder! The strength of the people to rise to the occasion when justice is thwarted continues.
Now the seed planted over two hundred years ago honoring the integrity of life and the individual, acts as the flag for our invincible fortress, a fortress that eternally protects all humanity from the advancement of tyranny and terrorism. This ideal alone is what directs our destiny and how to essay Lincoln School defines us as Americans. America remains the harvardbusinessreview Besant Hill, great enigma to the rest of the world. How can a country that is so young give birth to a process that is so profound and so advanced? The answer lies in the fact that all countries in the world throughout history except America are homogenous where the system's main stress had been on the group, not the individual.
Within these systems many individuals have had to a critique Lincoln sacrifice themselves to save the group or save face of the community even at the expense of their own integrity. Interactive Writing Chelsea College! An individual in those systems rarely questions authority and in the rare cases that it happens, the person finds himself cut off or ostracized from the community where the social trends acquiescing to authority is the only acceptable behavior to keep the society unified and in harmony. But America emphasizes the development of a strong, outspoken individual as the makeup of the how to write Lincoln, group and nation, who would willingly, if necessary, give their lives to protect the integrity of the harvardbusinessreview Besant School, individual and their freedom first and foremost. How To Essay Minster! We do not keep silent or acquiesce or sacrifice our lives and dignity to support any people or group that would trample on the rights of the individual, claiming to preserve and protect our nation. In this land, no group or authority can ever silence the people from speaking out for change or standing up against injustice to the people.
This process will never cease. Only you can have the choice to exercise this right and etch your life in best writing service, glorious victory for all the people. This is your choice, your privilege and how to a critique Minster School your responsibility as free people. Writing Paper! America knows how to put the how to write a critique essay Lincoln Minster, status quo in check. This is our nature. It is in our blood. It is what keeps our hearts pure. We have taken the bold step to custom essay service honor the enlightenment and the development of the individual as the key building block to a new global civilization. CHECK FOR FREQUENT UPDATES. VICTORIOUS AMERICA WEB SITE LAUNCHED JULY 4TH, 2000.
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Cola Wars: Coca Cola vs. Pepsi Cola. The Cola war is often considered a recursive and messy one, due to write a critique essay Lincoln Minster School, its complexities and best service difference in management and School marketing strategies. This current paper examines the case study of Coca Cola and Pepsi cola wars along the following parameters: Review of strategic issues presented in the case, application of Pearce and Robinson strategic management model with its 11, an analysis of the case from theoretical framework and best essay writing Fryeburg Academy discussion of essay Lincoln School implications of the a persuasive paper CATS Canterbury, case for middle managers in write Minster both the soft drink cola giant companies. Rubric For Essay School Of Management? The management strategy rivalry between Coca-Cola and Pepsi Cola soft drink companies is more than several centuries old. Both these global bottlers have been battling it out to dominate the global soft drinks market. The companies have been successful in varied market settings despite introduction of smaller soft drink manufacturers (Case Centre, 2015). This current research paper will study the backgrounds of these two beverages giants, their business models, goals and objectives, positioning in the market in relation to competition, and how to write a critique essay Lincoln key strategies, both short and long term. It is vital to note that non- carbonated soft drinks are gaining popularity, and the author of this report will attempt to explore the steps both Coca-Cola and PepsiCo have taken to emulate this, retain and increase their share of the a persuasive paper CATS College, soft drinks market. School? Further, this paper will examine one specific case filed against for essay of Management, Coca-Cola Company by their bottlers and the possible implications of the case.
The reasons for sales dipping after a steady performance for almost a century will be checked and how to write a critique Lincoln Minster School also how strategies are an important management function and how correct strategizing can lead the organization to greater revenues and analytic for essay writing growth. Key Words: Strategic Management, Bottlers, Competition, Strategies, Market Share and Business Environment. Research Background of the Cola Wars. Over the years, the rivalry between Coca cola and Pepsi Cola has presented varied management strategies that continue to how to essay Lincoln Minster, develop a stunning case study for management and marketing experts due to thinking, the nature of innovativeness and aggressive strategies utilized by how to essay Lincoln Minster, both the companies. Pepsi, for instance has suffered bankruptcy twice but continues to create enormous efforts to stay afloat and keep its rival competitor coca cola on toes. As of University November 2013, Pepsi was the fourth largest food and beverage company. Both Coca Cola and Pepsi Cola have created differentiated brand images with global recognition while their rivalry remains openly evident. Below is a summarized outline of the cola wars. Between the years 1910 t0 1930 Pepsi Cola suffered two bankruptcies but recuperates and stays in the soft drink industry spreading its market share to a new phase (Tiffany, 1981). How To A Critique? Both the companies also changed owners between this years. To save itself from copies Coca Cola designed one of their most famous bottles in 1916.
During this time also Coca Cola expands market share into new continents with Pepsi investing heavily in writing CATS College media in a bid to solidify their relationship with customers, this especially after World War II. Write Lincoln Minster? Between 1938 and 1950 coke acquired Minute Maid and interactive Chelsea thus expanding its portfolio. On the other hand Pepsi was actively involved in campaigns and obtains a huge market share. The real battle began in the 70s when the, $74 billion U.S soft drink industry consumption began declining and other soft drink companies began emerging. Pepsi and Coca Cola began investing in the diet drink market. How To Essay Lincoln Minster? It is during this period that Pepsi acquired Mountain Dew and entered a merger with Frito Lay gaining much power and opening new branches in creative thinking is Trent University Japan and Easter Europe. In the meantime, media investment on write a critique essay School, advertisement by Coca Cola were more consumer oriented, showcasing a drinks related to fun, a good time and friends. This was sequenced by numerous campaign strategies by both companies. In most cases, Pepsi seemed to be attacking Coke as an inferior soft drink and this made Coca Cola to respond in write essays IMG Academy a similar fashion. 1975, saw one of the most successful campaigns for Pepsi Cola. How To Write A Critique Essay Lincoln Minster? Two unbranded mugs were presented to people for analytic rubric School of Management, testing and identify which one they preferred and it emerged that more people acknowledged Pepsi as a better drink.
This campaign gave Pepsi a competitive advantage at the expense of Coke. Roberto Goizueta, Coca Cola’s new CEO in 1981, developed the diet coke which immediately gained a lot of market recognition. However, his strategy failed in 1985 when they decided to how to a critique Lincoln, create a New Coke which failed to impress the market. During the best essay writing Fryeburg, 90s, Pepsi also launched one of its most prolific management strategy named Drink Pepsi, Get Stuff. Consumers drinking Pepsi were awarded Pepsi points which could be redeemed for any Pepsi Merchandise among other identified goods. It is during this time, that Pepsi outshined Coke in sales at the Atlanta Olympics, with tens of a critique Lincoln millions of analytic writing SDA Bocconi School cola drinkers participating.
Since the 90s, the war of the Colas has continued to gain newer approaches with different stories being written in new markets and brand acquisitions. This has been achieved through merges and differentiated concepts. While Coca Cola generally thrives on how to write a critique essay, the concept of Live Positively, Pepsi is often considered a “New Generation”. With the CSD sales in the U.S. decreasing from the 2000s, Coke began having operational problems and Pepsi focused more on non-carbonated beverages and snacks. The cola segment still dominated the soft beverages market, but sales dropped.
The market share of write essays IMG Academy cola drinks declined from 71% in 1990 to 55% in write Lincoln 2009. Review of Strategic Issues Presented in the Cola Wars Case. Modern top managers ought to Besant, have top knowledge in managing internal activities of their firm and also a gist to examine and write essay control challenges posed by the unpredictable external environment. The mentioned external environment encompasses competition for market share, suppliers, competition for resources, government regulations and the volatility of the market structure (Pope, 1999). Other remote external environment factors include political environment, social environment, first changing technological advancements.
All this conditions should be assessed and incorporated in both the short term and the long term decision making process of a firm’s management strategy. Over the last few decades, there have been various strategic management strategies implemented by both Coke and Pepsi (Tiffany, 1981). The primary objectives behind the interactive Chelsea Independent College, strategies were to increase growth and revenue and ultimately the brand value. Further, these management strategies aimed at giving either company a competitive advantage. For instance, the write Lincoln Minster School, coke brand is ingrained in cola drinkers’ minds and this is the reason why Coke enjoys a superior brand value. Creative Thinking? When people want a cola drink, the top of the mind recall is coke. Coke is more easily available and fast food chains like McDonald’s, Subway and Nando’s sell coke, whereas Pepsi is predominantly available in “Kentucky Fried chicken”, KFC. Between the years of 1976 to 1978, the growth rate of Coca Cola had declined by 13%. In the how to essay Lincoln, meantime, the market share of Pepsi was constantly increasing (Tiffany, 1981). This was attributed to the Pepsi Challenge of the 70s that saw consumers taste two unbranded drinks with many preferring Pepsi over the other brand (this brand was obviously coca cola).
The other strategic development by analytic rubric for essay SDA Bocconi of Management, Pepsi during the 70s was the how to write a critique essay, introduction of the Pepsi Generation, which was a media campaign to invite more consumers to join the Pepsi family. The real battles that led to the current Cole Fiasco began earlier. Coca Cola usually conducted its own tastes but their results were always similar. This picture changed greatly between 1970 and 1980. During this time the number of exclusive Pepsi drinkers was on an increasingly steady rise while the number of exclusive coca cola drinkers was dropping at interactive essay writing Chelsea College a significant rate. Coke opted for how to Lincoln Minster School, more marketing effort in a bid to convince for more clients. This pushed them to superior distribution, bidding for more shelf space and write essays IMG Academy acquisition and distribution of a critique School more vending machines.
To complement this coke made more advertising efforts so as to reach more customers through the media. In this period, the management of Coca Cola conducted numerous test on write, the taste of their products and their implication on consumers on the long run. This made the firm to spend an extra $4 million which was a huge part of their capital investment (Pope, 1999). However, only 55% of the how to a critique essay Lincoln Minster, research individual, 191, 000 approved that the new taste of Coke had a better taste when compared to the original coke as well as the Pepsi Taste at the moment. The biggest managerial blunder that coke ever made was introducing the harvardbusinessreview Hill School, new coke. This almost made the how to write essay Lincoln, firm to harvardbusinessreview Hill, go under.
Over 500 calls a day with customer complaints were recorded. Most of the consumers had protests with the coke with another vast majority of consumers boycotting the product completely. How To A Critique Essay Minster School? It is vital at is Trent this point to note that coke had sacrificed their 99 year old coke with a new formulae. The management quickly realized their mistake and made an apology to the public and write a critique essay Minster School further bringing back the original taste with a classic bottle. This triggered sales. The real question to consider is what exactly went wrong with coca cola during the new introduction of the new coke. The proprietors of the research did not tell the research respondents that if they picked a single cola they lost the other. About 3 to creative thinking is Trent, 4 tasted were actually tasted by twenty thousand people. Further, only about 40, 000 respondents tried the new formulae that made the new coke. The research, however, did not consider the feeling and emotional ties that came with the research. Final conclusions also indicated that their might have been a herd instinct.
During this coke mess, Pepsi was gaining as international recognition and thus heightening their competitive advantage. Pepsi began selling immensely in Brazil due to the hot weather and how to write Minster growing teen population in the country. It evident that the company had done significant market analysis before launching in Brazil. Consumption of soft drinks was dropping in the United States. Baesa Bottler was head to head with Goizuetta due to his Latin background and Hill influence on the Argentine President. In Venezuela, an intrigue was made through the persuasion of Cisneros’s, the bottler. There were red carpet treatments involving all the specific interests made in the industry of hospitality. This was followed by frequent meetings to enhance strategy. How To Write A Critique Minster? However, Pepsi was generating over 70% of their revenues and profit from the U.S market with Coca Cola Generating 80% of the profits from overseas markets. Best Fryeburg Academy? This was especially due to the expansions that coke had made in gaining global recognition before their almost fall.
Pepsi vs. Write Lincoln Minster School? Cola Market Share. Later on, Coke experienced a tremendous fall in Europe due to creative thinking is Trent, the negative effects of their products on children. This led of a recall of over 14 million products in 5 countries. Coke was losing over $3.4 million dollars a single day due to this recalls and overhead costs on a critique essay Minster, unsold products. One of how to IMG Academy their products, Bonaqua Water was recalled in Poland and this gave coke and unneeded set back. After this this crisis, coke came up with a management strategy to sort out the crisis. The company introduced apology advertisements in a bid to appeal to the public and recover their reputation. This is an excerpt of one of their ads: To those people who suffered, especially the children, my colleagues and I want to express a very sincere apology” (Chairman M. A Critique Lincoln? Douglas Ivester). Over 50 official including several top executives were positioned at University the newly formed consumer hotline.
In Poland free beverages were introduced. Pepsi did not consider this a competitive move and did not nothing to counter attack. From this review we can derive the how to write a critique essay Lincoln School, following deductions. While Coca Cola, the company has entirely been using its dominant position in the market to shut down and block competitors including rebates on faulty drinks, Pepsi had a different management strategy. Pepsi focused on observing market trends putting more concern on health standards and introducing new products such as gourmet coffee since carbonated soft drinks no longer had a growth potential. Finally Pepsi opted for a differentiated positioning. Application of Pearce and Robinson Strategic Management Model with its 11 Steps and Framework Analysis. This model consists of eleven key components: (1) Company mission; (2) Internal analysis; (3) External environment; (4) Strategic analysis and best Fryeburg choice; (5) Long-term objectives; (6) Generic and grand strategies; (7) Action plans and short-term objectives; (8) Functional tactics; (9) Policies that empower action; (10) Reengineering; and. (11) Strategic control and essay Lincoln continuous improvement (Pearce Robinson, 1986). Essentially when top management is formulating business strategies, the firm ought to anticipate future expectations. The initial step in creating a strategic direction which the business ought to writing a persuasive CATS College Canterbury, follow it making organizational goals with the future in mind.
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The concentrate manufacturers, PepsiCo and thinking Coca-Cola have employed this strategy to improve their flagging sales and bottom line. Strategic decisions like this often demand a long term commitment from the organization. The positive changes foreseen while formulating the strategy cannot be expected to happen overnight, and how to write essay Lincoln School the organization must stick to essay College, its commitment to write a critique Lincoln Minster School, ensure that the new strategy has a chance to IMG Academy, succeed. Altering strategies too often creates uncertainty in the employees and may also impact the consumers and market. How To A Critique Essay Lincoln Minster? Strategic decisions are usually based on the long term objectives of the organization (Pearce Robinson, 2010). Formulating, simultaneous assessment of the external environment on a regular basis and the profile of the harvardbusinessreview Besant, organization will allow the policy makers to realize a range of possibilities and responsive opportunities for future investments (Pearce Robinson, 1986). Another critical analysis also involves internal analysis of the strengths of the employees, financial capabilities and how to a critique Lincoln School other internal factors. These must however, follow the following specific identification criteria; The current and future mission and vision of the interactive writing Independent, organization Ethics of the organization Norms and values of the write Lincoln, organization Policies with non- negotiable qualities. The major change that has taken place prompting such decisions has been the emergence and consolidation of the retail industry. In the discount stores like Wal-Mart and Target, a lot of shelf space has been taken over by food items.
About 50% of the Wal-Mart’s revenues are linked to faster IMG Academy, the sales of food items and grocery. In the case of Target, food and grocery account for 16%. In the U.S, Wal-Mart sales contribute to 19% of PepsiCo’s revenues. These giant retailers require and demand better service from both Coca-Cola and PepsiCo in terms of flexibility, product innovation and speed of delivery. When implementing the strategy, a specific hierarchy of plans must be identified. Lincoln Minster? This includes all the short term and long term plans in that sequence (Geldenhuys, Naude Veldsman, 2003).
Parallel supportive plans must be aligned with the core of the business as earlier explained. Overall use of strategic resources and management of resources. The plans will include executive plans, operational plans and divisional plans to ensure the core business strategy of the best essay service Academy, business are institutionalized. The resources required would of be in the form of; human resources, ICT, finances or infrastructure. The bottler’s production of CSD is write a critique Lincoln Minster School falling, since customer preferences are changing. People are more health conscious today than earlier and CSDs with their high sugar content and caloric value are losing popularity. The production methods and capabilities required to interactive writing Independent College, manufacture a bottle or can of Coke or Pepsi are different from the write a critique Minster School, other non-carbonated drinks which are growing in demand. These non CSD beverages are shifting the manufacturing from the bottlers to the manufacturers. Energy drinks, liquid tea and coffee, dairy based beverages and how to write essays juices are high on the consumer’s demand list. The existing bottlers do not seem very keen to latch on a critique Minster, to this new business segment, despite the CSD sales falling. Bottlers have not been able to capitalize on the higher revenues of finished goods like juices and other packaged nonalcoholic beverages.
Bottled water sales, which compensated for some of the loss due to best custom essay Fryeburg Academy, declining CSD sales has also been slowing for the last few years and this has compounded the how to Lincoln Minster School, bottler’s problems. Actions, Strategic Control and best essay writing Continuous Improvements. It is evident that a crucial assessment of the external environment plus the internal environment, setting of the how to essay School, objectives and identifying the goals, establishment of strategic initiatives are very crucial and significant steps in effective and Besant Hill School efficient strategy formulation. Several unprecedented situations may occur in either the internal or external environment or the profile of the organization. This will be picked and forwarded to functional managers for creation of remedial steps to write Minster School, match the operational plans. If the situations create a difficulty in actualizing the Hill, core business of the entity, they will be included in the core business as an extra inclusion depending on their importance (Galloway, 2010). They will be forwarded to strategic decision makers for analysis and consideration. How To Write Essay School? In extreme cases strategy formulation is conducted annually and may be too slow to catch up with competition. The two organizations are in the soft drink business to earn revenue and best Fryeburg Academy ensure growth of the business.
The long term objectives, decision making process and implementation of write essay Lincoln Minster plans are part of an organizations strategic management. In the case of both PepsiCo and Coca-Cola, the decision to acquire their bottlers operating in North America is a strategic decision, since their long term goals are dependent on it. PepsiCo’s strategic decision to focus more on their food and snacks business has paid off handsomely for the company, with the majority of their revenue share coming from that division. Custom Service Academy? Coca-Cola’s decision to supply directly to Wal-Mart’s was another such decision, since operations with Wal-Mart in the future would require such delivery. Implications of the Case for write Lincoln School, Middle Managers. In order to achieve any organization’s set of strategic policies, the communication process between the different levels of essay writing Chelsea Independent College management should be clear and identifiable (Kruger Snyman, 2002). Essay Lincoln Minster School? It is through these middle managers that the everyday life of the organization thrives. Generally, middle managers are both supportive managers and superiors in strategy implementation. Middle managers are actively involved in implementing the strategies formulated by senior managers.
They are the mediators between the custom, strategies and the day to essay School, day working through the organization. They are best placed to identify opportunities and current challenges within the organization. The major distinguishing factor with middle managers is not their sitting position in the organization’s management chart (Ahearne, Lam Kraus, 2013). What identifies them as crucial is custom essay Academy their access to the senior management coupled with their intense knowledge of the daily operations within the how to write School, organization. These allows the managers to function as crucially mediators between the organization’s strategic plans and day-to-day operations within the organization.
Here is a list of middle managers roles: Strategy implementation Reinforcing strategy Facilitating adaptability Championing alternatives. Mediating is not only achieved through down warding implementing of the implementations from policy makers (Snyman Kruger, 2004). The strategy by Pepsi and Coke is more entrepreneurial and require intensive knowledge of the organization. The middle organizations are able to essay writing Chelsea Independent College, influence upward and downward, integrate policies horizontally and engaging in various activities. It is important for the managers to practice integration with divergence on write Minster School, an upward and downward basis. The managers need to implement and reinforce the writing, strategies made by top management as an upward information synthesizing process (Ahearne, Lam Kraus, 2013). Write School? This integrative role ensure organizational performance.
The middle managers also act as facilitators of adaptability through organizing experiments with less implications to creative thinking is Trent University, senior managers. Once the experiments are successful, the will be championed upwards. Companies like Pepsi and Coke with innovative strategies require middle managers with roles of facilitating adaptability and championing alternatives. Ahearne, M., Lam, S., Kraus, F. (2013). How To? Performance impact of middle managers’ adaptive strategy implementation: The role of social capital. A Persuasive College? Strat. Mgmt. J. , 35 (1), 68-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smj.2086. Galloway, D. A Critique Essay Lincoln? (2010). Achieving accurate metrics using balanced scorecards and dashboards. Performance Improvement , 49 (7), 38-45. Essay? http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pfi.20165.
Geldenhuys, C., Naude, L., Veldsman, T. (2003). An integrated strategic management model to navigate the establishment of transport authorities. SA J. Hum. Resour. Manage.
1 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v1i1.1. Kruger, C., Snyman, M. (2002). How To Essay School? Interdependency between strategic management and the formulation of an information and communication technology strategy. Writing Paper CATS College? S Afr J Inf Manag , 4 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajim.v4i2.160. Pearce, J., Robinson, R. (1986). Corporate strategies . New York: McGraw-Hill. Pearce, J., Robinson, R., Pearce, J. How To Write Lincoln Minster School? (1991). Formulation, implementation, and control of competitive strategy . Homewood, IL: Irwin. Pope, D. (1981). The Cola Wars: The Story of the a persuasive Canterbury, Global Corporate Battle between the Coca-Cola Company and Pepsico, Inc.
By J. C. Louis and Harvey Z. Yazijian. New York, Everest House, 1980. Pp. Essay? 386. $15.95. Business History Review , 55 (04), 588-590. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3114792. Pope, D. (1999). The Cola Wars: The Story of the Global Corporate Battle Between the Coca-Cola Company and PepsiCo, Inc.
By J. Best Writing Service? C. Louis and Harvey Z. Yazijian. New York, Everest House, 1980. Pp. 386. How To A Critique Minster School? $15.95. Business History Review , 55 (04), 588-590. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3114792. Riordan, E., Hollander, S., Germain, R. (1993). Was There a Pepsi Generation before Pepsi Discovered It.
Journal Of Marketing , 57 (4), 148? http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1252226. Rouleau, L., Balogun, J. Exploring Middle Managers’ Strategic Sensemaking Role in Practice. SSRN Electronic Journal . http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1309585. Snyman, R., Kruger, C. (2004). Thinking Is Trent University? The interdependency between strategic management and how to write a critique Minster strategic knowledge management. J Of Knowledge Management , 8 (1), 5-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13673270410523871. Tiffany, P. (1981). Chelsea College? The Cola Wars.
By J. C. Louis and Harvey Z. Yazijian. New York: Everest House, Publishers, 1980. Pp. 386. $15.95. J. A Critique Essay Lincoln School? Eco. History , 41 (03), 708. Harvardbusinessreview School? http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0022050700044740. Was there a Pepsi Generation before Pepsi discovered it?: youth-based segmentation in marketing. (1993).
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